Disproving AGW

This thread is for discussion of arguments and evidence against the existence of dangerous man-made global warming.

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Richard C (NZ)

850 Peer-Reviewed Papers Supporting Skepticism of “Man-Made” Global Warming (AGW) Alarm


Richard C (NZ)

Climate Change Catastrophes in Critical Thinking


This article explores the phenomenon of global warming, climate change, and the extraordinary consequences popularly speculated. As a hypothesis can only be scientific if it is testable, this article tests key assertions of climate change Catastrophism against the facts of the geological record. Finding that, climate change Catastrophism lacks scientific support, the implications of neo-catastrophist behaviour with special regard to global warming is considered and in this light, the proposed remedies for global warming are examined against contemporary crises and opportunities. This article finds that the impact of excessive land clearance is of far greater concern.


val majkus

I like his references too including Archibald, Carter and Plimer; very interesting; will go back and read when time permits

Richard C (NZ)

The Shattered Greenhouse: How Simple Physics Demolishes the “Greenhouse Effect”. Abstract This article explores the “Greenhouse Effect” in contemporary literature and in the frame of physics, finding a conspicuous lack of clear thermodynamic definition. Arrhenius’ backradiation mechanism is identified as a key aspect of the “Greenhouse Effect” hypothesis. The general idea as expressed in contemporary literature, though seemingly chaotic in its diversity of emphasis, shows little change since its original proposition by Svante Arrhenius in 1896, and subsequent refutation by Robert Wood in 1909. The “Greenhouse Effect” is presented as a radiation trap whereby changes in atmospheric composition resulting in increased absorption lead to increased surface temperatures. However, since the composition of a body, isolated from thermal contact by a vacuum, cannot affect mean body temperature, the “Greenhouse Effect” has, in fact, no material foundation. Compositional variation can change the distribution of heat within a body in accordance with Fourier’s Law, but it cannot change the overall temperature of the body. Arrhenius’ backradiation mechanism did, in fact, duplicate the radiative heat transfer component by adding this component to the conductive heat flow between the earth’s surface and the atmosphere, when thermal conduction includes… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

This paper in discussion at JoNova – comments #107 #108 down


val majkus

I vaguely recall a similar study done by I thought a German physicist the purport being that ‘back radiation’ was not possible from a physics standpoint but I can’t find it now; can anyone point me to it; I also thought John O’Sullivan had an article on it but can’t find that either

Richard C (NZ)

Claes Johnson on Mathematics and Science: No Backradiation = No Radiative Forcing


You can find it under “AGW Busted – Debunking Articles”


val majkus

Thanks Richard; I’ll have another look at it tonight

val majkus

Actually Richard, this is the paper I had in mind: The references are: http://climatephysicsforums.com/topic/3292392/1/ ■Falsification Of The Atmospheric Co2 Greenhouse Effects Within The Frame Of Physics, by Gerhard Gerlich and Ralf D. Tscheuschner, in IJMP(B), Vol 23, Iss 3, Jan 30, 2009, pp 275-364, doi:10.1142/S021797920904984X. Also freely available at arxiv as arXiv:0707.1161v4 Abstract The atmospheric greenhouse effect, an idea that many authors trace back to the traditional works of Fourier (1824), Tyndall (1861), and Arrhenius (1896), and which is still supported in global climatology, essentially describes a fictitious mechanism, in which a planetary atmosphere acts as a heat pump driven by an environment that is radiatively interacting with but radiatively equilibrated to the atmospheric system. According to the second law of thermodynamics, such a planetary machine can never exist. Nevertheless, in almost all texts of global climatology and in a widespread secondary literature, it is taken for granted that such a mechanism is real and stands on a firm scientific foundation. In this paper, the popular conjecture is analyzed and the underlying physical principles are clarified. By showing that (a) there are no common physical laws between the warming phenomenon in glass houses… Read more »


“So what’s the current status of ‘back radiation’ does anyone know?”

Yes it exists, just continue reading down-thread where I replied to Richard T’s questions, it is dealt with there.

GHG back radiation is measurable as you will see but because it is reflected radiation its heating ability is spent i.e. the solar short wave (SWIR) has been converted to long wave (LWIR) so no global warming.

Good that you put up G&T. It basically stated the obvious to anyone with rudimentary physics and thermodynamics but created a firestorm among warmist climatologists and AGW proponents.

It is amazing the convoluted arguments put forward to justify the false notion that cold things warm hot things even among luke-wamists – lots of “thought experiments”.

Richard C (NZ)

My humble opinion is that there is apples-oranges confusion in the back radiation debate, even among experts. i.e. The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics deals with heat – not radiation, and radiation is not heat (radiation “radiates”). If radiation was heat then space would be warmer than the ~2-4 K above absolute between Sun and Earth for example. due to the SWIR propagating through it from the Sun. Heat is only produced when there is matter (molecules) to be excited by radiation, these are not present in space, so no heat in space, just radiation. FWIW, I don’t disagree with those who say there is SWIR back radiation from GHG’s, just that it’s not enough to heat the land (see A NULL HYPOTHESIS FOR CO2 https://www.climateconversation.org.nz/open-threads/climate/climate-science/#comment-26629) and it’s physically impossible for SWIR to heat the oceans and lakes (although the RealClimate team are working on that). The better analogy is a “Blanket” – not “Greenhouse”, so that the GHG’s slow the loss of heat from the surface (ocean and land) and that process starts working immediately at surface level (see Nicol 2008 https://www.climateconversation.org.nz/open-threads/climate/climate-science/#comment-27772). The GHG’s are not “trapping heat” either because the tropical tropospheric… Read more »

You say (emphasis added):

The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics deals with heat – not radiation, and radiation is not heat

I agree with what you say (the parts I understand) but not this. It seems to me we simply have two clearly-defined meanings of “radiation”, one dealing with the electromagnetic spectrum and the other with heat.

Though the intervening space is little affected, is not heat radiated from the Sun to Earth? Or how does it get here and what term do we use for the solar heat transfer method? Or have I just declared a deep ignorance of thermo-stuff?

Richard C (NZ)

“is not heat radiated from the Sun to Earth? ” Yes and no. There’s a subtle separation of the components of ENERGY. Heat is described well in Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heat so that yes, there is a transfer of energy by radiation (electromagnetic) from the sun but heat is only manifest when the radiation encounters atmosphere (excitation of molecules) and then the land and ocean (more excitation of molecules). After that the processes of convection and conduction come in to play (thermodynamics) and of course radiation is reflected, but then the heating capacity is lost to a degree, solar radiation being short wave; reflected radiation (especially from GHG’s) being long wave. What gets lost in discussion is that the GHG’s encounter incoming solar SWIR BEFORE the LWIR is reflected back up through the atmosphere on the way to space. The atmosphere is not significant in terms of heat because “The heat capacity of the global atmosphere corresponds to that of only a 3.2 m layer of the ocean” http://www.oco.noaa.gov/index.jsp?show_page=page_roc.jsp&nav=universal. Therefore, the oceans and lakes are the planet’s greatest heat sinks – greater also than land although there is atmosphere-land heat coupling, see Heat into the… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

And if LWIR GHG back radiation is unable to heat the planets greatest heat-sinks (oceans and lakes), then, who cares about AGW? Not me, that’s for sure. I’m more interested in the fact that the oceans and lakes are giving up heat (OHC) at present and will the trend continue and for how long?

Richard C (NZ)

I highly recommend reading:

Roy Clark, Ph.D.


to get a handle on this topic.

Application of Beer’s law to the propagation of solar and LWIR flux through the ocean clearly shows that only the solar radiation can penetrate below the ocean surface and heat subsurface ocean layers. It is impossible for a 1.7 W.m−2 increase in downward ‘clear sky’ atmospheric LWIR flux to heat the oceans. Similarly, the changes in land surface temperatures produced by this flux increase are too small to detect in measured diurnal and seasonal surface temperature variations. Furthermore, a 100 ppm increase in CO2 concentration is not detectable in the meteorological surface temperature record. The assumptions underlying the use of radiative forcing and the ‘prediction’ of meteorological surface temperature in climate simulation are invalid. Based on these arguments, a null hypothesis for CO2 is proposed:

Richard C (NZ)
Richard C (NZ)

Have just noticed this is wrong:-

“FWIW, I don’t disagree with those who say there is SWIR back radiation from GHG’s”

Should read:-

FWIW, I don’t disagree with those who say there is LWIR back radiation from GHG’s

Sorry for confusion this would surely have created.


I’d like to suggest a link to a website called “Science of Doom”


This is listed under Anthony Watts blogroll as “pro-AGW”

I find this to be a very informative and non-partisan site with great technical depth. It explains a lot of the basic physics of CO2 in depth, and there is a very polite etiquette on the blog.

Thank you, Andy. It looks good to me, too.


Richard C (NZ)

Richard T.

There are some subtle traps for the unwitting at this site (not suggesting, after your cursory look). It is one of the perils of straying into seductive presentations.

Please see my reply to Andy in this regard.

Richard C (NZ)

Yes, good thinking Andy,a fantastically integrated site and the clarity of the content makes easy learning. If the AGW spin is ignored it is a brilliant resource (I don’t agree that it is “non-partisan” Andy – on the contrary, and I agree with Watts, definitely “pro-AGW”). He studiously avoids the effect of CO2 “back radiation” on ocean heat (none) i.e. it’s not what he says, it’s what he doesn’t that betrays him. The introduction to the BSRN (baseline surface radiation network). is instructive as is atmospheric heat coupling into the ground. However, two observations: First, study at this site reveals that it is absurd for the IPCC to be creating a crisis when the offending 1.7 W.m-2 down-welling LWIR is lost in day-time 400 W.m-2 flux. Dr Roy Clark at Tallblokes Talkshop: “However, when the magnitude and variation of these fluxes is compared to the 1.7 W.m-2 ‘clear sky’ increase in flux from a 100 ppm of CO2, over 200 years, the change in CO2 flux is too small to make any measurable difference.” http://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2010/08/03/roy-clark-a-null-hypothesis-for-co2/#more-796 Also see; “Nasif Nahle nails the radiative physics of CO2:” http://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2010/07/27/nasif-nahle-nails-the-radiative-physics-of-co2/ I (me, not Nasif) despair at the… Read more »


Richard C –
Can I suggest you put you thoughts into a full blog post sometime? You’ve obviously done a lot of research in this area and it would help to collate thoughts. I’d be happy to help as a sounding board. I am not nearly as up on the play as you though,


On a more lighthearted note, there is a thread on Bishop Hill, suggesting a climate model competition


This comment made me smile:

“climate model competition”

I’d back Piers Corbyn, although he might have difficulty contributing – I gather that William Hill blacklisted him after he kept winning long-range forecasts against the Met Office, who oscillate between hopeless attempts to do it and pronouncements that it isn’t possible anyway.

Richard C (NZ)

I see the serious side of this Andy (but hilarious nonetheless)

Did you spot this?

“Regarding climate models (ZT), Judith Curry has an interesting post on “Overconfidence in IPCC’s detection and attribution” at http://judithcurry.com/2010/10/17/overconfidence-in-ipccs-detection-and-attribution-part-i/#more-631

There are some very interesting comments on the worth (or lack thereof) of climate models.”

That, is the series I’ve been ranting about

Richard C (NZ)

“Can I suggest you put you thoughts into a full blog post sometime?”

Unfortunately this is the blog post. I just have not got the time to expand, but if you spend some time in that zone, you’ll catch up quick (and then you can teach me).

Just append any questions here and I’ll see if I can answer. If I can’t, I’ll point you to someone who can, probably at JoNova or TallBloke.

BTW 1. A fantastic stoush at JoNova “Shock! Climate models can’t even predict a linear rise”


Builds up to about # 100 then all on, a couple of Big Names v Trolls (e.g.Richard S. Courtney who is on fire!), I’ve X-Ref’ed everywhere, including “Troublesome Trolls” in “Controversy and scandal”https://www.climateconversation.org.nz/open-threads/climate/controversy-and-scandal/#comment-26287 (oh dear and TWinkle)

BTW 2. I’ve been on a mission (another 3AM job). Please follow the sequence resulting here that resulted from a link you posted – I’ll be adding to it, it might be BIG story https://www.climateconversation.org.nz/open-threads/climate/#comment-26296

BTW 3. Please see this Tip – it might be helpful https://www.climateconversation.org.nz/open-threads/climate/disproving-agw/#comment-26290

val majkus

Richard Treadgold hope you can send a reply to Ken Stewart; he’s the expert who’s done the Australian Temperature record which I copied the link to; please send him a reply (can’t remember in what category but its temperatures and his link is http://kenskingdom.wordpress.com/2010/05/12/the-australian-temperature-record-part-1-queensland/
he’s done amazing work!

Thanks Val, I’ve responded here. I’m happy to support him and others like him.

val majkus

thanks Richard;


Debating Strategies

Richard C (NZ)
Richard C (NZ)


To cross-reference to a Thread Header or Comment:

Find your destination Thread Header or Comment and click on the date and time bar e.g for Debating Strategies.

THREAD says:
October 18, 2010 at 11:05 pm (click on this bar)

You will now see this in your browser web address bar :


(I’ve truncated to avoid turning it to a link)

Now Cut-n-Paste to your Reply window along with a note as to where the link leads – in this case, to Debating Strategies

Et Voila!

Richard C (NZ)


Don’t use a CCG Homepage Bookmark as your primary access to CCG – it takes forever to load. Instead:-

Bookmark each of the CCG Open Thread categories in the order of most use. e.g. for me it is like this:

Disproving AGW
Controversy and scandal
Energy and fuel
ETS and carbon taxes
Climate science
Water Vapour
Temperature records
Ocean and Heat
Solar and Cosmic
IPCC science
IPCC organisation
IPCC politics
New Zealand
South America
Sea levels
Polar regions, glaciers and ice
Global warming
Ocean acidification

I suggest that you open the top 2 in 2 tabs – 1 for Replying, 1 for Browsing

Open this page in in tab 3 for fancy-formatting and Cut-n-Paste to CCG Reply box:


The Open Thread drop-down menu is now not your primary access.

Richard C (NZ)
val majkus

thanks Richard; good tip; have you finished the ‘open threads’ add ons yet though?

Richard C (NZ)

“have you finished the ‘open threads’ add ons yet though?”

The HotList will access the categories to date, but even now Bob D has asked for a couple of headers but they are sub- categories that can be accessed from the HotList

I’ve sent the HotList to Richard T by email, but how he wants to arrange the index on the Open Threads page (not finished yet) is up him (it’s his Blog. The HotList is for our benefit at our end.

Richard C (NZ)

[From JoNova] Author: Paul Comment: Here are a few simple facts that can assist in evaluating the confusing claims and counter-claims regarding the role of atmospheric carbon dioxide in the warming of the earth’s surface. 1) The primary source of heat on earth is solar radiation, the intensity of which is given by the temperature of the sun and the earth’s distance from it. 2) Reflection from clouds and the surface of the earth, combined with absorption of some incoming radiation, warming the atmosphere, somewhat modulates how much radiation reaches the surface of the earth and that radiation is the primary source of warmth at the surface. 3) The oceans are the primary store of the heat that is available at the surface, having a heat-capacity hundreds of times greater than that of the atmosphere and being penetrable by the sun’s rays to about 100 M in depth, whereas land surfaces are impenetrable and lose most of their daily heat-gain overnight. 4) The air, when warmer than the surface of the ocean, is able to heat the oceans by radiation but that radiation penetrates only the skin of the water and will then… Read more »

Bob D

That’s excellent. There needs to be more work directed at measuring and analysing the surface solar radiation changes. The changes in TSI aren’t great, so something else must be blocking/unblocking the incoming radiation. Cloud cover comes to mind here. Dr Spencer did an interesting piece on cloud cover recently.


“Cloud cover comes to mind here. Dr Spencer did an interesting piece on cloud cover recently.”

That story (could get HUGE), is here:


and see up-thread of #comment-26296

I’ll add to that story as it eventuates

Richard C (NZ)

I shouldn’t have been THREAD previous 2 comments – finger fault

Bob D

This is so cool. Richard T, can you add an “Ocean Heat Content” topic as well? I have some papers to add. Also, perhaps a “Radiative Imbalance” thread, or would that fall under “Atmosphere”?

This is going to be a great resource.

Richard C (NZ)

Ocean Heat Content and ARGO Project – already done.


Radiative Imbalance – under Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Heat


[THREAD is Richard C (NZ) BTW]

Richard C (NZ)

From: Is the Western Climate Establishment Corrupt? Part 8: Do Most Western Climate Scientists Believe Global Warming is Man-Made? Comment # 61 Siliggy: October 20th, 2010 at 8:56 pm Spatch @ 28 & 32 Oh and “I choose to play by my own rules thank you very much.” The solar system will play by its rules and not yours. So if the Artic sea ice extent continues to grow instead of shrinking, how many more years will it take of this growth for you to wake up to the cyclic nature of it all, 1?, 3?, 5? How many more years of no upper troposphere hotspot? How many more years of increasing Antarctic sea ice extent? How many more snowmaggedons? How long will sea surface temperatures need to keep falling? How many more failed predictions of “permanent drought”? How many more ways to name “GLOBAL WARMING” anything else? How many more years of 1998 holding the record? How many more “Gates”? How many more ships stuck in ice? How many more massive Mongolian cold snaps? How many more South American rivers flowing with cold dead fish? How many more growing glaciers calving off… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

From same place, comment # 30

Brian G Valentine:
October 20th, 2010 at 2:20 pm

Spatch, many people have concluded that the “greenhouse” effect is impossible, based on the argument that “greenhouse” gases supposedly “trap” heat in the troposphere, so that the troposphere warms, whilst the stratosphere cools. Since the atmosphere certainly conducts heat through the tropopause, this implies that heat transferred by the “greenhouse” effect from the cooler stratosphere to the warmer troposphere – without expending work.

This is absolute violation of the second law of thermodynamics, and anyone who claims otherwise has no clue about what the second law says.

Why then has the “greenhouse” idea persisted for so long? I suppose it is just a refusal of the mind to step back and look at the larger picture. There is no serious counter argument to this.

The “greenhouse” effect of a warming Earth from water vapour is simply a misunderstanding of a decrease in average diurnal temperatures as a result of water in the atmosphere from evaporation, distributed by convection. There is no mystery to this at all, but fairy tales persist because people somehow need them to be true

Richard C (NZ)

From JoNova Author: allen mcmahon Comment: John@96; An argument is not automatically good because it supports your position, you actually need to sift the useful from the rubbish. A good point but on that seems to be lost on many who support the AGW hypothesis. One could look at many issues over the past decade or so such as ice cores, the combined arctic/antarctic ice extent,the ‘hot spot’, paleo evidence or lack thereof, the failure of model forecasts where reason suggests that the hypothesis has failed. But this has not happened, the general fallback position is not evidence based but relies heavily on the manipulation and distortion of existing data coupled with the latest, and generally more alarming, model senarios. Coupled with this is the extension of the doomsday time frame, for example, Keelyside 2008 suggests AGW will be back with a vengeance in 2015 while Tsonis 2009 opts for 2020. The discourse from the AGW camp has changed as well and a good example of this is Michael Tobis who has gone from act now or your children suffer to act within the next coupled of decades or your grandchildren will suffer.… Read more »


Competitive Advantage

Richard C (NZ)

Competitive Advantage – My Musings

Text-book management spends a lot of time re keeping strategic info locked away from the prying eyes of competitors and obviously there is a place for that.

But in the context of the CAGW Proponent – CAGW Sceptic debate.

Doesn’t matter!

Let the opposition waste their time spying on our info [I’ve done my share of corporate spying – BTW], meanwhile, we’ve got better things to do. Besides, it gives them an idea of what they are up against.

And we know what we’re up against – don’t we?. If not, please spend time in the Climategate emails and “Controversy and scandal”


CAGW has had it’s time in the MSM sun – now it’s our turn.

Gareth Renowden (and every other warmist), if you are reading this (and I hope you are, if you’re a serious competitor) – fine.

Game on!

[RedLogix – thanks for the “professional” complement at HT, I appreciate that]

Richard C (NZ)

And we know what we’re up against – don’t we?

Just to be clear.

‘Merchants of Doubt’ author details political effects on climate science

Richard C (NZ)

To complete the brow-beating. From Google News:- climate science » ‘Merchants of Doubt’ author details political effects on climate science Manhattan Mercury – Whitney Hodgin – ‎2 hours ago‎ In the 21st Century, climate science evolved from a conservative political and theological theory to accepted scientific fact, said author Naomi Oreskes at … Writer details environmentalism’s political effects K-State Collegian all 2 news articles » Email this story USA Today Americans Trust Scientists Over Climate Deniers Energy Collective – ‎Oct 18, 2010‎ This highlights the importance of educating the public about climate science – and how the Obama Administration has failed in this educational … Majority of Americans confused on climate change basics Mongabay.com Climate change workshop offered Today’s Sunbeam – NJ.com Canada Free Press – Sciblogs (blog) – The Guardian – USA Today all 90 news articles » Email this story Investing in Civic Education about Climate Change: What Should Be the Goals? Big Think (blog) – Matthew C. Nisbet – ‎4 hours ago‎ The first area of knowledge—and the most commonly emphasized—is climate science literacy. This focus derives in part from the work of Jon Miller (1998), … Ignorance, intensity, and… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

Said “professional” complement

RedLogix October 5, 2010 at 10:34 am

“The warming MUST occur BELOW the GHG blanket because we are told by AGW proponents that GHG’s “trap” heat.”

And that’s why I know you don’t actually understand what it is you are pretending to debunk.

I’m not going to do your homework for you, because if you are sincere (and not just some professional disinformer, which is how you are behaving) you’d want to know the correct science for it’s own sake and your own intellectual curiosity….and no-one could stop you from finding it.

Which you will never do hanging about denier sites.

PS … don’t use any bridges, vehicles, enter tall buildings, or god forbid fly in an aircraft. Or indeed use anything engineered/technical system designed anytime in the last 15 odd years. They’re pretty much all designed using those dreadful ‘computer models’ that you are so certain cannot predict anything.

Richard C (NZ)

Author: Richard S Courtney

At #161 you say:

A thought has occurred to me relating to the claim that those who are opposed to the ‘Catastrophic Anthropogenic Global Warming’ hypothesis are “anti-science.”

The reality of this situation is actually the exact opposite.

Yes, and the tactic is not new.

It is a well attested precept that was famously advanced by Niccolo Machiavelli five centuries ago in his seminal treatise on statecraft, ‘The Prince’, that an entirely innocent antagonist may be unsettled by accusing him of precisely the offences of which you yourself are most guilty.


See all comments on this post here:


World wide web of doubt

The internet is allowing climate change sceptics to gain traction

Richard C (NZ)

A fascinating new study commissioned by Oxfam and produced by digital mapping agency Profero has shed new insights into the way climate sceptics’ networks operate. The study’s conclusions, as yet unpublished but seen by Left Foot Forward, were presented to a closed meeting of campaigners on Wednesday night.

Profero’s study analysed online coverage of the “Climategate” debacle that broke last November, tracking its progress from fringe blogs to mainstream media outlets over the ensuing weeks and months.

Richard C (NZ)


Richard C (NZ)

Combating the growing influence of climate sceptics

Left Foot Forward

A fascinating new study commissioned by Oxfam and produced by digital mapping agency Profero has shed new insights into the way climate sceptics’ networks operate. The study’s conclusions, as yet unpublished but seen by Left Foot Forward, were presented to a closed meeting of campaigners on Wednesday night.

Profero’s study analysed online coverage of the “Climategate” debacle that broke last November, tracking its progress from fringe blogs to mainstream media outlets over the ensuing weeks and months.

Richard C (NZ)

Skeptical Network v Supporters Network

Graphical Depiction – zoom out to enlarge and view

This is how our competitors see the picture.

Richard C (NZ)

Curious to me that they place the Wall Street Journal in the “Supporters” camp.

It’s one of the few major newspapers that publish a sceptical point of view.


This for example:

Green Supremacists
An environmentalist fantasy of violent totalitarianism.


For discussion and the “THE CITIZEN AUDIT REPORT” please refer;
“Controversies and Scandal”

Richard C (NZ)



Comment @ 190

Author: sunsettommy
Well tries to sow confusion at post # 182:

In his reply to this sentence:

The readings show that we have recovered from the little ice age

He comes up with this:

so you say we have warmer whilst others here say we haven’t. can you guys make up your mind!

Most skeptics knows there has been a warming trend since at least the 1850’s,simply because the LIA ended by that time.That is about 150 years.

Most skeptics knows that since 1998,there has been no warming to a small cooling trend.That is about 12 years.

Long term (1850-2000) there has been some warming.
Short term (1998-2010) there has been no warming to a small cooling trend.

There you have it.

Richard C (NZ)

From JoNova Author: Derek Comment: Richard S Courtney: October 20th, 2010 at 2:53 am The cult of AGW is dead. Nobody has declared it dead, and nobody will declare it dead. But it is dead. The flow of money governments provide to power the ‘gravy train’ will slowly reduce to a trickle and then cease. I predict that by the end of this decade the AGW-scare will have been forgotten, just as the ‘acid rain’ scare of the 1980s is now forgotten (few remember that scare unless reminded of it). But the stench of the corpse of the AGW-scare will remain for a long time. Part of that stench is loss of public confidence in science, and I regret that. Please excuse my partial quoting of your words, but I hope I have conveyed their original intended meaning correctly. I do agree in some very real senses (ie, the science) the cult of AGW is dead, or at least dying, but in other also very real senses (politics, general belief, and education) it is most definitely still very much alive, and though it pains me to say it, well. The loss of public… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

Wednesday, October 20, 2010

Physicist: Global Warming 1980-2008 caused by Sun, not Man

Dr. Horst Borchert, the Director of the Department of Physics of the Johannes-Gutenberg Institute, Mainz, Germany, presented a paper, Using Satellite Measurements to study the Influence of Sun Activity on Terrestrial Weather at the Space Weather Workshop held in Boulder, Colorado earlier this year. Dr. Borchert finds from satellite measurements that global warming between about 1980 to 2008 was “not anthropogenic but caused by natural activities of the Sun’s surface.” He relates changes of the solar magnetic field to cosmic rays and cloud formation (the cosmic ray theory of Svensmark et al) and to effects on the North Atlantic Oscillation, which affects weather phenomena around the globe.

Richard C (NZ)

Wrong link – should be:



Thursday, October 7, 2010

Paper: Sun affects Climate much more than thought

Adding the the recent spate of papers showing that – surprise – the Sun has much, much more to do with climate change than previously thought, the respected German Physics Journal Annalyn der Physik recently published a paper analyzing solar irradiance data from 1905 to 2008 which finds cosmic rays modulated by solar activity cause a large portion of atmospheric aerosols (clouds) with profound effects on climate [see the cosmic ray theory of Svensmark et al]. The paper concludes, “The contribution of the active sun, indirectly via cosmic rays, to global warming appears to be much stronger than the presently accepted [IPCC] upper limit of 1/3.”


Paging IPCC: Much of recent global warming actually caused by Sun

By Lewis Page • The Register Posted in Environment, 7th October 2010

New data indicates that changes in the Sun’s output of energy were a major factor in the global temperature increases seen in recent years. The research will be unwelcome among hardcore green activists, as it downplays the influence of human-driven carbon emissions.

As the Sun has shown decreased levels of activity during the past decade, it had been generally thought that it was warming the Earth less, not more. Thus, scientists considered that temperature rises seen in global databases must mean that human-caused greenhouse gas emissions – in particular of CO2 – must be exerting a powerful warming effect.

Now, however, boffins working at Imperial College in London (and one in Boulder, Colorado) have analysed detailed sunlight readings taken from 2004 to 2007 by NASA’s Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE) satellite. They found that although the Sun was putting out less energy overall than usual, in line with observations showing decreased sunspot activity, it actually emitted more in the key visible-light and near-infrared wavelengths.


From Climate sceptics launch campaign to overturn green targets Climate sceptics, including a number of high profileTory backbenchers, are launching a campaign to overturn the Coalition’s green targets. By Louise Gray, 27 Oct 2010, Telegraph UK The ten challenges sceptics have asked ‘supporters of the hypothesis of dangerous human-caused climate change’ to prove: 1. Variations in global climate in the last hundred years are significantly outside the natural range experienced in previous centuries. 2. Humanity’s emissions of carbon dioxide and other ‘greenhouse gases’ (GHG) are having a dangerous impact on global climate. 3. Computer-based models can meaningfully replicate the impact of all of the natural factors that may significantly influence climate. 4. Sea levels are rising dangerously at a rate that has accelerated with increasing human GHG emissions, thereby threatening small islands and coastal communities. 5. The incidences of malaria and other infectious diseases are now increasing due to recent climate changes; 6. Human society and natural ecosystems cannot adapt to foreseeable climate change as they have done in the past. 7. Worldwide glacier retreat, and sea ice melting in polar regions, is unusual and related to increases in human GHG emissions. 8.… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

Another paper on the Fallacy of the ‘Greenhouse Effect’

Tuesday, October 26, 2010

Adding to the list of papers disproving conventional greenhouse theory, this paper by geophysicists Gerhard Kramm and Ralph Dlugi shows the ‘greenhouse effect’ is a fallacy based upon erroneous data and physical assumptions including a simplistic ‘global average temperature’. Using realistic empirical data, the authors find that the atmospheric models utilized by the IPCC and Kiehl/Trenberth “do not provide evidence for the existence of the so-called atmospheric greenhouse effect.” Related and also recommended: a new chapter by professor Claes Johnson, Climate Thermodynamics, which also shows the ‘greenhouse effect’ to be a fallacy and that adding ‘greenhouse gases’ to the atmosphere does not cause warming.

Richard C (NZ)

Shattering the Greenhouse Effect

September 26, 2010

A recommended essay by Swedish climatologist Dr. Hans Jelbring offers a high school through advanced level debunking of the so-called ‘greenhouse effect.’ Dr. Jelbring finds that basic scientific principles demonstrate that global temperatures are not controlled by human emissions of ‘greenhouse gases’ and the ‘greenhouse effect’ is explainable using only the physics of pressure, gravity, volume, and the adiabatic lapse rate.

Richard C (NZ)

Earth Energy Budgets without ‘Greenhouse Gases’ or ‘Back Radiation’ August 8, 2010 The foundation of the greenhouse theory is that ‘greenhouse’ gases absorb infrared radiation from the earth and then ‘back-radiate’ this energy to the earth to cause global warming. Several prior posts have illustrated that the concepts of greenhouse gas ‘back-radiation,’ ‘heat-trapping,’ ‘heat capture,’ and ‘radiative forcing’ are essentially all referring to the same unphysical, fundamental error of the greenhouse theory that cannot be found in textbooks of physics. Several commenters have indicated that they think it is impossible to explain the temperatures of the earth and atmosphere without incorporating ‘greenhouse gases’ and ‘back-radiation’ in diagrams of the Earth’s energy budget, such as the famous Kiehl/Trenberth/IPCC Energy Budget, which shows ‘back-radiation’ to be a very significant 324 W/m2 (95% of the average solar input!) at all times 24/7/365. However, the earth-atmosphere system can be much more simply described (see Occam’s Razor) with real physics without using ‘greenhouse gases’ or ‘back-radiation’ at all. Here are five Earth Energy Budgets which completely explain the earth-atmosphere system without ‘greenhouse gases’ or ‘back-radiation,’ in stark contrast to the IPCC alarmist & unphysical Energy Budget:

Richard C (NZ)

See – The Shattered Greenhouse: How Simple Physics Demolishes the “Greenhouse Effect”.

Richard C (NZ)

Climate Models Without a ‘Greenhouse Effect’ October 27, 2010 Several posts have demonstrated that the Earth’s climate can be physically described without any need to invent a ‘greenhouse effect’ caused by ‘heat-trapping’ ‘greenhouse gases’ that ‘back-radiate’ from the colder atmosphere to heat the hotter Earth surface in violation of the 2nd law of thermodynamics. Five published Earth energy budgets which roughly agree and do not incorporate ‘greenhouse gases’ at all were shown in the post Earth Energy Budgets without Greenhouse Gases, including one from the NASA Langley Research Center. A peer-reviewed paper by Ozawa et al published in Reviews of Geophysics also develops an Earth energy budget and climate model that does not incorporate a ‘greenhouse effect’ from ‘greenhouse gases.’ This is in remarkable contrast to the Earth energy budget of Kevin Trenberth used by the IPCC, which claims that ‘greenhouse gases’ heat the Earth by 324 Wm-2 compared to only 168 Wm-2 directly from the Sun! Thus, we have at least 6 published Earth energy budgets stating the contribution to the Earth surface temperature from ‘greenhouse gases’ is zero, compared to the IPCC/Trenberth budget claiming ‘greenhouse gases’ heat the Earth almost twice… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

See – Another paper on the Fallacy of the ‘Greenhouse Effect’

Global Warming 1980-2008 caused by Sun, not Man

Here are a few simple facts that can assist in evaluating the confusing claims and counter-claims regarding the role of atmospheric carbon dioxide in the warming of the earth’s surface.

Climate Change Catastrophes in Critical Thinking


Carbon rises 800 years after temperatures The Vostok Icecores








AGW Busted – Debunking Articles

Richard C (NZ)

THE OREGON PETITION – THE TRUTH 31,487 American scientists have signed this petition, including 9,029 with PhDs http://www.petitionproject.org/index.php Please note that the Oregon Petition cannot be signed on line. There is a declaration to complete and post. As explained below, the petition can only cover science based professional in the USA due to its limited funding from private individuals (mostly signatories). The project has fulfilled the expectations of its organizers. In PhD scientist signers alone, the project already includes 15-times more scientists than are seriously involved in the United Nations IPCC process. The very large number of petition signers demonstrates that, if there is a consensus among American scientists, it is in opposition to the human-caused global warming hypothesis rather than in favour of it. Moreover, the current totals of 31,487 signers, including 9,029 PhDs, are limited only by Petition Project resources. With more funds for printing and postage, these numbers would be much higher. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Atmosphere, Earth, & Environment (3,805) 1. Atmosphere (579) I) Atmospheric Science (112) II) Climatology (39) III) Meteorology (343) IV) Astronomy (59) V) Astrophysics (26) ————————————– 2. Earth (2,240) I) Earth Science (94) II) Geochemistry (63) III) Geology… Read more »

val majkus

Just for fun ‘What to say to a Global Warming Alarmist’; (2/2010 so a few ‘gates’ may be missing but the main ones are there;

val majkus

How accurate are CGM’s


A comparison of local and aggregated climate model outputs with observed data
Authors: G. G. Anagnostopoulosa; D. Koutsoyiannisa; A. Christofidesa; A. Efstratiadisa; N. Mamassisa

We compare the output of various climate models to temperature and precipitation observations at 55 points around the globe. We also spatially aggregate model output and observations over the contiguous USA using data from 70 stations, and we perform comparison at several temporal scales, including a climatic (30-year) scale. Besides confirming the findings of a previous assessment study that model projections at point scale are poor, results show that the spatially integrated projections are also poor.

Richard C (NZ)

Good to see a comparison against actual values instead of the idiotic intercomparisons advocated by Schmidt (GISS) as a better methodology. Intercomparisons are only useful for peer-group benchmarking – nothing else. A pity though that the model selection is very much out of date now and even the AR4 submissions had been superseded by new versions at the time i.e. the AR4 simulations were rubbish. Right now, the submissions from models being prepared for CMIP5 and AR5 are already out of date e.g. NCAR CAM4 t1 and t5 will be the AR5 submissions but the CAM5 description says this: “CAM has been modified substantially with a range of enhancements and improvements in the representation of physical processes since version 4 (CAM4). In particular, the combination of physical parameterization enhancements makes it possible to simulate full aerosol cloud interactions including cloud droplet activation by aerosols, precipitation processes due to particle size dependant behavior and explicit radiative interaction of cloud particles. As such the CAM 5.0 represents the first version of CAM that is able to simulate the cloud-aerosol indirect radiative effects.” So again, the AR5 simulations will be rubbish but will be analyzed ad… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

‘The Greenhouse Effect in Wonderland’

November 14, 2010

A scientist writing for an Italian climate blog has 2 recent posts illustrating 7 reasons why the laws of physics have been used incorrectly to describe the so-called greenhouse effect. Most of these points have been repeatedly covered here, but for those interested in another refutation added to the now more than 30 from other scientists who have dis-proven conventional greenhouse theory, here are the 2 posts (use Google translation):


How to make deserts and continent
green + energy + food + land + water + cooler climate.

Use mighty power of nature. In the northwestern Australia, we have huge tides,
huge evaporation and huge dry rivers and lakes.
Tides are up to 12m. Evaporation is up to 4m per year and can be increased.
Huge 12m tidal erosion can revive old dry paleo dormant once mighty rivers, creeks and lakes,
desalinate the country and change deserts to rain forests to provide more rain across Australia.
World population is growing rapidly and we need more energy, food, land and water.

this will change deserts and whole continent for better climate –
environment, provide hydro energy, permanently and economically.

energy + food + land + water + cooler climate

Plenty of energy and HYDROGEN TO RUN YOUR CAR environment friendly.

33noa333 (gee, I hope you give us a proper name to use),

I nearly binned this, but I’ve had a quick look and I’d like to hear comments from others.

This is a proposal to use seawater to desalinate and revitalise the North-Western Australian desert. I notice the copyright claim on the material at the Australian government site you link to.

I strongly suggest that you get someone to edit your material to improve the English and WRITE A SUMMARY describing the concept.

My main question is how do you get the tides — large though they may be — to flow onto the land? Maybe I overlooked it.

Why do you advertise “plenty of energy”? Where would it come from?

How would you increase the evaporation?

val majkus

I’m no scientist and I have no engineering training; I did however look at the submission with interest and afterwards googled tidal power on the web here’s a link http://aie.org.au/Content/NavigationMenu/Resources/SchoolProjects/FS10_TIDAL_ENERGY.pdf from page 5 The North West of Australia has some of the highest tides in the world with up to 10 metres. Tidal power has been proposed in the Kimberley region of Western Australia since the 1960s, when a study of the Derby region identified a tidal resource of over 3,000 MW. In recent years a proposal to construct a 50 MW tidal plant near Derby was developed by Derby Hydro Power. This project received a substantial grant from the Australian Greenhouse Office’s to further develop the project. To make use of the energy generated a 500 kilometre transmission line was needed to take the electricity to Broome and Fitzroy Crossing as well as a number of remote Aboriginal communities (SMEC 2003). The tidal power proposition faced significant challenges in terms of the initial construction cost and perceived impacts on the environment. Consequently, a natural gas powered system was adopted for most of the regional power needs. and here’s another link more recent… Read more »

val majkus

there’s also quite a comprehensive overlook at the various kinds of ‘green energy’ here http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/emission-reductions-are-not-blowin-in-the-wind/story-fn59niix-1225962376534
tidal power doesn’t get a mention

val majkus

As a matter of interest I did ask a friend of mine with expertise and this is what he says:

No one has to date successfully hardnessed tidal power.
Broome certainly has big tides but it is along way from any where to have a viable power production to supply where there is large power demand ie Perth.
In the long term the only viable large scale power will be nuclear. Unfortunately, I missed the presentation at the Sunshine Coast IEAust branch from Martin Thomas about small (25 to 50 MW) portable (and cheap) nuclear plants. These are now available in Russia and US . You may know small units have existed for some time in nuclear submarines. I understand the units are modular fuel and garanteed for 10 years after which the supplier would replacement and take away the old units for renewal.
Both the Russians and US are progressing with nuclear fusion (mechanism in hydrogen bombs) which has an unlimited supply of fuel, deuterium, in the oceans.
The “greens” alternative energy solutions such as solar, wind, geothermal, tidal are not viable for base enrgy supply now and will never be viable.

Does 33noa333 have any comment


val majkus – well I was looking something to improve Australian climate
but more energy is just luck and makes proposal more economical
true that tidal power is nearly discarded evrywhere
reason probably engineering structure in sea are much more difficult to build and managed than on land
Tidal power could be devided into structures in sea and structures on tidal river like
– tidal river Amazon (5m tides)
Amazon provides about 80% of environment friendly electrical energy for Brasil
and they are building another huge hydro power station.

more evaporation from tidal river water, mangrove swamps along tidal river = more rain
and more rain once desert gets green because of more rain.

more rain = more water in 12m tidal river
and more rain – water for existing hydropower stations across Australia like Snowy Mountain.

my opinion about transmision of energy … its easy to get hydrogen from water with
electrolysis of water.
cars, busses, planes already run on hydrogen… environment friendly.
and probably some better technology for storing hydrogen will be developed.

well it would be nice
to have farm or ranch in Flinders ranges Green Valley with fresh water lake full of fish.



I’ve started a “Tidal Power” thread under “Energy and Fuel”


“Disproving AGW” is not really the place for it to hang out

I’ll try to find some links to the Kaipara Tide Power proposal FYI that I’ll place there.


val majkus

I was thinking this thread should be called ‘AGW is there proof’ or ‘AGW proved or not’; that is no longer than ‘controversy and scandal’ and puts the onus where it should be

Richard C (NZ)

Val, the title is moot because AGW is not the central issue (never was).

See James Dellingpoles post on this:-

“Why I now deeply regret my last post ”

4. By allowing ourselves to get bogged down in tedious How Many Drowning Polar Bears Can Dance On The Head Of A Pin arguments like, say how much Greenpeace contributed to the ban on DDT and whether it really was a ban, we miss the bigger picture. AGW is on its last legs. The watermelons who still talk about it and obsess about it (most of them below this blog, mores the pity) are the equivalent of a tiny suicide rearguard that gets left behind by a losing army to cover its retreat. Meanwhile, the main Green war effort rumbles on regardless. Ecofascism can lose the AGW battle because as befits the Leninist method underpinning its philosophy AGW was never more than a convenient means to an end. Controlling the world, is what this war is ultimately about not saving it for Mother Gaia.


val majkus

Well Richard I disagree about the mootiness or otherwise – but I’m not fussed enough to bother about it other than I like to see reflected in the title where the proper onus lies but no matter … Yes I read that post by JD yesterday and liked it and Quadrant online has a nice article today: Truth in observation by Alex Stuart November 28, 2010 Satellites show theres been no global warming for 12 years http://www.quadrant.org.au/blogs/doomed-planet/2010/11/alex-stuart and Dr S Fred Singer has an article in American Thinker http://www.americanthinker.com/2010/11/the_cancun_climate_capers.html November 29, 2010 The Cancun Climate Capers This conference promises to be another two-week extravaganza for some 20,000 delegates and hangers-on, who will be enjoying the sand, surf, and tequila-sours — mostly paid for by taxpayers from the U.S. and Western Europe. For most delegates, this annual vacation has become a lifetime career: it pays for their mortgages and their children’s education. I suppose a few of them actually believe that they are saving the earth — even though the Kyoto Protocol (to limit emission of greenhouse [GH] gases, like CO2, but never submitted for ratification to the U.S. Senate) will be defunct in… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

Following the contradictions, gyrations, convolutions and failed predictions e.g. “snow a thing of the past” and the knots that some of the people are tying themselves in as highlighted in those articles is developing into a spectator sport.

The mirth potential is unlimited.

“the case of the blind sheep” is a cracker. That could describe NZ govt policy and OZ seems desperate not to be outdone.

I note that the scam savvy Chinese gamed HFC-23 mitigation quick-time, making the situation worse in the process.

“Chinese firms blamed in huge greenhouse gas scam”


Re the Quadrant article.

“If this foundational assumption – that water vapour amplifies a greenhouse-induced rise in temperature – turns out to be wrong, then the notion that man-made CO2 is a source of catastrophe for mankind is also wrong.”

The same GHGs that inhibit energy loss also inhibit energy gain from incoming solar. In this case, H2O in the form of clouds is most efficient at deflecting incoming solar radiation (25% approx).

This needs to be shouted out at every available opportunity.

Richard C (NZ)

Out of curiosity I looked up lightning in Wiki to see the energy transfer because climatology discussions don’t touch on it much. An average bolt of negative lightning carries an electric current of 30,000 amperes (“amps”) 30 “kiloamps” (kA), and transfers five coulombs of electric charge and 500 million joules 500 “megajoules” (MJ) of energy. Large bolts of lightning can carry up to 120 kA and 350 coulombs.[14] The voltage is proportional to the length of the bolt. An average bolt of positive lightning carries an electric current of about 300 kA about 10 times that of negative lightning The average peak power output of a single lightning stroke is about one trillion watts one “terawatt” (1012 W), and the stroke lasts for about 30 millionths of a second 30 “microseconds”.[16] Lightning rapidly heats the air in its immediate vicinity to about 20,000 C (36,000 F) about three times the temperature of the surface of the Sun. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightning#Properties So much for “trapped” energy. And yes, lightning is parameterized in the climate models (at least in NCAR’s CAM5 that is), but to what degree – I only know… Read more »


yes very very true
History repeats one or some against established idea – earth is flat
CO2 perhaps ? but solution they propose might be unworkable.

ask your friend engineer or somebody else to compare cost re:
well you friend can answer only about engineering – earth works associated
with huge 12m tidal erosion mainly in existing huge river beds silted up with
desert sand, mud, clay, sandstone or salt pans.
I was working in NW Australia – huge earth works – quantities
so I have some opinion about costs and like to compare with your friend approx. estimate

Good to know also when were tidal rivers on NW Australia operating last
and how was climate and environment across Australia when huge tidal rivers
similar to Amazon were flowing in NW Australia.
The age of old tidal rivers may be found by age of fossils – remnats of animals
Maybe somebody can answer that.

Richard C (NZ)

The causes of global warming and climate change! There are two competing theories for the recent global warming trend. * The first is based on a theory which followed the warming trend that occurred between 1975 and 1998. * The second theory is based on highly correlated data going back thousands of years. Most agree that the temperature has increased about 0.6 – 0.7 Centigrade over the last century and that the level of CO2 or Carbon Dioxide a greenhouse gas has been increased in the atmosphere by 25-30% from pre industrial values. * The first theory, which is the generally accepted one, is that the release of greenhouse gases from the burning of fossil fuel and from land use is responsible for the resent temperature increase. * The second theory is that the sun’s magnetic field and the solar wind modulate the amount of high energy cosmic radiation that the earth receives. This in turn affects low altitude cloud cover and how much water vapor there is in the atmosphere and thus regulates the climate. Continues…… ——————————————————————————————————————– Cosmic Rays and Climate By: Nir J. Shaviv In 1959, the late Edward Ney of… Read more »


Why do you advertise “plenty of energy”? Where would it come from ?

Lets say that technology how to use energy of huge 12m tides on NW Australia is developed.
how much energy is in 12m tides – how much hydrogen can be produced
and price compared to petrol.

If tidal river is constructed huge hydropower stations can be built.
Not to forget Amazon has 5m tides with 2 huge hydropower stations.
Amazon river has very little slope (1 to 2 cm per km)
Amazon river currents can be strong up to 3m/sec (well tidal)

NW Australia has 12m tides.
Once first tidal river is operational second is much easier to construct
using tidal power of first for erosion of second.

Plus more hydro power for existing hydropower stations across Australia because of more rain.

Oil is finite.
Tides are permanent.

Richard C (NZ)

“Tides are permanent.”

Except for high and low slack water but there’s a dollop of tide energy NW AU nonetheless

A tidal project at Kaipara harbour mouth NI NZ has in feasibility stage but I don’t know how far it’s got. There huge Resource Management Act (RMA) consent hurdles to overcome that require all environmental impacts to be considered. Don’t Know how that works in WA AU.

Richard C (NZ)

“Oil is finite.”

There’s more than you think

3 to 4.3 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil Assessed in North Dakota and Montana’s Bakken Formation—25 Times More Than 1995 Estimate




I’ve started a “Tidal Power” thread under “Energy and Fuel”


“Disproving AGW” is not really the place for it to hang out

I’ll try to find some links to the Kaipara Tide Power proposal FYI that I’ll place there.


Richard C (NZ)

What happened to the ‘warmest year on record’: The truth is global warming has halted MailOnline Last updated at 4:17 PM on 5th December 2010 A year ago tomorrow, just before the opening of the UN Copenhagen world climate summit, the British Meteorological Office issued a confident prediction. The mean world temperature for 2010, it announced, ‘is expected to be 14.58C, the warmest on record’ – a deeply worrying 0.58C above the 19611990 average. World temperatures, it went on, were locked inexorably into an everrising trend: ‘Our experimental decadal forecast confirms previous indications that about half the years 2010-2019 will be warmer than the warmest year observed so far – 1998.’ Met Office officials openly boasted that they hoped by their statements to persuade the Copenhagen gathering to impose new and stringent carbon emission limits – an ambition that was not to be met. Last week, halfway through yet another giant, 15,000delegate UN climate jamboree, being held this time in the tropical splendour of Cancun in Mexico, the Met Office was at it again. Never mind that Britain, just as it was last winter and the winter before, was deep in the grip… Read more »

val majkus

interesting historical data on WUWT today Has Charles Dickens shaped our perception of climate change?
starting from 1816 Dickens life demonstrates the extraordinary variability of the British winters during that era, when the coldest and warmest winters in the CET records can be juxtaposed. Generally there are few examples of constant cold winters year after year-the LIA was becoming much more sporadic than it had been several centuries earlier, when bitter cold weather appears to have been the norm. To put this era into perspective mature English people might be surprised to learn they lived through a much colder winter than Dickens ever experienced. 1962/3 at -0.33C was the third coldest in the entire CET record compared to Dickens coldest year 1814 at 0.43c, the fourth coldest in the record. (1962/3 was a bit of a one off-Dickens experienced a greater number of relatively cold winters)

the climatic trough in 1880 is the exact point from when GISS commenced their temperature records and there are additional articles on GISS records since that data


Val, I’m desperately hoping that if we’re in for a cold phase with those sort of temperatures that it will be mostly felt in the NH..

I’m as skinny as a rake and feel the cold and it wont help that in 2030 I’ll be 74 (God willing).

I don’t think though that this time around the temps will plunge as low as Maunder or Dalton minimum – but that’s not out of the question.
As an aside, I’ve started a “Tidal Power” thread under “Energy and Fuel”


I’ve duplicated the Tide Power thread from Disproving AGW over to there and you may be interested in the NZ Kaipara Harbour Tide Power Project that I’ve put a bunch of info up for.

Richard C (NZ)

THREAD says:
December 6, 2010 at 4:33 pm

This was me, forgot to change my name after doing the tide thread thing.

Richard C (NZ)

Scepticism of AGW has no bearing unless backed by scientific rebuttal i.e. exposure of the fallacy of the AGW hypothesis. The assertion that anthropogenic climate change (AGW – ACC) is a “well established fact” is exposed as unfounded by the rebuttal papers available. One recent paper “Falsi fication Of The Atmospheric CO2 Greenhouse E ffects Within The Frame Of Physics” by physicists Gerlich and Tscheuschner (G&T 2009) does just that several times over. Consequently it is hated and denigrated by AGW proponents with vehemence. G&T is heavy going but I’ve found a synopsis (G&T “Lite”). This is from “Solar Flux” by Joe Postma ———————————————————————————————————- SUMMARY 1- The radiative surface of the earth is not the same thing as the ground surface of the earth. Therefore, comparing the actual ground-air temperature to the theoretical radiative equilibrium blackbody temperature is an invalid concept – there is no reason to do this from the outset. The theoretical radiative equilibrium temperature is measured to be exactly just that, on average, as seen from space. 2- The simple Ideal Gas Law, and the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics, tell us that the atmospheric temperature increases with density in a… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

Articles Tagged “A Graph to Debunk AGW”


See – “Articles by Climate Realists and Topics” on the Climate Realists Home page.


How Scientific Is Climate Science? What is arguably the most important reason to doubt global warming can be explained in plain English. By DOUGLAS J. KEENAN For years, some researchers have argued that the evidence for global warming is not nearly as strong as has been officially claimed. The details of the arguments are often technical. As a result, policy makers and other people outside the debate have relied on the pronouncements of a group of climate scientists. I think that is unnecessary. I believe that what is arguably the most important reason to doubt global warming can be explained in terms that most people can understand. Consider the graph of global temperatures in Figure 1, which uses data from NASA. At first, it might seem obvious that the graph shows an increase in temperatures. In fact the story is more involved. Imagine tossing a coin ten times. If the coin came up Heads each time, we would have very significant evidence that the coin was not a fair coin. Suppose instead that the coin was tossed only three times. If the coin came up Heads each time, we would not have significant… Read more »


If you hit the WSJ paywall, here is another link:

Another article on IPCC statistical shortcomings from William Briggs is good too:


Patrick Moore, ex-Greenpeace, lays it on the line


Richard C (NZ)

Don Easterbrook has compiled this book due to be released in Oct 2011:- “Evidence-Based Climate Science. Data Opposing CO2 Emissions as The Primary Source of Global Warming”. What is interesting is where I stumbled upon it – “Business Wire”, a Berkshire Hathaway company (Warren E. Buffet), Research and Markets. http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20110622006244/en/Research-Markets-Evidence-Based-Climate-Science.-Data-Opposing Even more interesting is what “Customers who bought this item also bought” The Warming Papers The Copenhagen Diagnosis. Updating the World on the Latest Climate Science The Global Carbon Market 2009: Trading Thin Air Introduction to Gas Hydrates Climate Change. Observed impacts on Planet Earth Analyzing the Carbon Emissions Trading in Europe – The EU ETS Scheme Carbon Trading and the Effect of the Copenhagen Agreement: Technical Options and Economic Drivers to a Low Carbon Future European Renewable Energy Industry – PEST Framework Analysis Guide to CO2 Capture, Sequestration, and Storage Global Warming & the Insurance Industry Not much counter-consensus. The blurb states:- Global warming and human-induced climate change are perhaps the most important scientific issues of our time. These issues continue to be debated in the scientific community and in the media without true consensus about the role of greenhouse gas emissions… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

Anti-AGW papers debunked


This is a great (but not complete and not quite up with recent developments) resource for papers that go against the AGW consensus and some of the responses to them from the “greenhouse community”.

Richard C (NZ)

Climate Experts Spencer and Lindzen Lash Out as Pet Theory is Trashed Two irate top climatologists launch into a flurry of name-calling and innuendo as their beloved greenhouse gas theory collapses threatening to take their careers with it. Dr. Roy Spencer this week followed the lead of Dr. Richard Lindzen in spitting insults after fellow skeptic scientists debunked the greenhouse gas effect (GHE). Lindzen confined his insults to private emails. But Spencer openly blogged his personal attack after reading how cutting-edge scientific research by specialists in astrophysicists, space engineering and mathematics had exposed Spencer’s weak grasp of physics; something particularly identified by NASA’s former Apollo Mission engineer, Dr. Pierre R. Latour. Highly credentialed scientists, among them Latour, Professor Nasif Nahle, Dr. Matthias Kleespiesand other leading experts in their respective fields have been remorselessly debunking the GHE in a series of articles and peer-reviewed papers. The GHE is the cornerstone of the man-made global warming hysteria. Discussions Terminated After Tempers Fray With unseemly venom Spencer and Lindzen have scorned further dialog from several fellow man-made global warming skeptics for refusing to toe the line over the increasingly discredited greenhouse gas theory (GHE). Like many… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

Yes, Virginia, the “Vacuum” of Space Does have a “Temperature”

Written by Dr. Roy W. Spencer | February 23 2012

Usually, I refrain from addressing silly scientific claims. But since some people seem determined to go to any extent to ‘disprove’ greenhouse gas theory, in this instance I am going against my better judgment to answer a particularly crazy article entitled, “Roy Spencer’s Fatal Error: Believing the Vacuum of Space Has a Temperature“.




What is “space”? If they mean a vacuum with no energy, then this doesn’t exist. “Space” as we know it has cosmic rays, photons, neutrinos and all sorts of other stuff flying backwards and forwards.

Richard C (NZ)

O’Sullivan says about half way down:-

“Spencer and Lindzen wrongly assumed that the so-called cosmic ‘microwave’ – the background radiation (or CMBR, generated by the ‘Big Bang’) is what the rest of vacuum space registers as temperature (the CMBR is quoted at around 2.7K).

But even that pro-green online encyclopedia, Wikipedia knows there is no ‘real’ temp in space – they refer to the “color temperature’ of the decoupled photons” which they say “has continued to diminish ever since [the ‘Big Bang’]; now down to 2.72548 ± 0.00057 K,[3]” ”

I’m confused by this. They seem to be separating CMBR from vacuum space (how?) but as you say, there’s “other stuff” and I always thought that was what registered the 2.7 K. I think we might be wrong about that.

I looked up my ‘Applied Heat’ text but it didn’t cover space. Being “applied”, my thermodynamic intro skipped the big picture and went on to the practical applications. I just accepted what I found when I looked up “temperature of space” on the internet without too much thought.

Have to go for a run then sleep on this.

Richard C (NZ)

Clues here:- Temperature The CMB gives a snapshot of the universe when, according to standard cosmology, the temperature dropped enough to allow electrons and protons to form hydrogen atoms, thus making the universe transparent to radiation. When it originated some 380,000 years after the Big Bang—this time is generally known as the “time of last scattering” or the period of recombination or decoupling—the temperature of the universe was about 3000 K. This corresponds to an energy of about 0.25 eV, which is much less than the 13.6 eV ionization energy of hydrogen.[53] Since decoupling, the temperature of the background radiation has dropped by a factor of roughly 1,100[54] due to the expansion of the universe. As the universe expands, the CMB photons are redshifted, making the radiation’s temperature inversely proportional to a parameter called the universe’s scale length. The temperature Tr of the CMB as a function of redshift, z, can be shown to be proportional to the temperature of the CMB as observed in the present day (2.725 K or 0.235 meV):[55] Tr = 2.725(1 + z) For details about the reasoning that the radiation is evidence for the Big Bang, see… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

The “other stuff” has no temperature apparently.

I don’t understand why the cosmic microwave background radiation has temperature but the “other stuff” doesn’t (or maybe is does but its close to 0 K).

It could be that cold space and neutral space co-exist.in vacuum space because at least the CMB has temperature.

That would not create a thermal path from atmosphere to space for heat transfer though (i.e. no medium I don’t think). The upper atmosphere is sparse enough, this study concludes particle heating only accounts for 5.5% of upper atmosphere heating if I\m interpreting correctly:-

‘Climatology of Extreme Upper Atmospheric Heating Events’



“Solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation is the single largest contributor to the upper atmospheric heating budget and is typically assumed to account for about 80% of the energy. Joule heating [electrical – my insert] and precipitating particle heating, which together we call geomagnetic heating, make significant contributions to the remainder of the budget”

Nothing about how the heat dissipates to space though. They’ve determined the input budget but not the output. I assume the output is all radiative energy (more research reqd by me).


This simple explanation of temperature in space seems to concur, roughly
(The biggest contribution is apparently the background microwave radiation)


Richard C, you say: “I had thought that the dissipation process included space but if space has no temperature (neutral), the dissipation must be completed within the atmosphere.”

Let me hasten to say there’s little in this discussion I understand and I haven’t spent long reading it. But this statement stood out. It is surely incorrect. The earth, satellites, our moon, the planets and other bodies are warmed by heat from the sun. The heat energy, clearly, is radiated through space or it would not arrive. I must believe that the sun’s energy is radiated in every direction, not just towards bodies that are warmed. This means the sun is cooling directly to space, which gives us a direct analogue of the situation you mention with the Earth. Thus the (heat) radiation is independent of the medium through which it radiates or its temperature. The earth itself (say a large surface rock) can indeed radiate heat energy into space beyond the atmosphere. I haven’t considered whether the radiative frequency is important here.

Do you agree?

Richard C (NZ)

Sorry, should have replied here, See down-thread.

Richard C (NZ)

I see Nasif Nahle has a diagram showing upper atmosphere heat transfer and a note attached to atmosphere => space heat flow:-



I wonder if he will be making an amendment?

Richard C (NZ)

May I be so bold as to modify a sentence RT? “The [energy], clearly, is radiated through space or it would not arrive” The RADIATIVE energy is only converted to HEAT energy when it encounters matter. I agree to a degree with what you say. What I was getting at is that the conduction, convection and collision processes that dissipate HEAT energy must be completed within the atmosphere in the “neutral space” paradigm.. If space is neutral those processes cannot cross over from atmosphere to space. Then the only way for energy to leave the atmosphere after the HEAT energy dissipation is complete within the atmosphere is by RADIATIVE energy dissipation from atmospheric matter. This is a reverse of the sequence in the third sentence down from top of this comment. It’s only matter that can have temperature (anything above 0 K) and matter that has a temperature (molecular excitation) radiates (I’m not sure about photons, neutrons etc having temperature though, the “other stuff” Andy referred to. I had thought that there was the odd particle of matter suspended in space but maybe not). Plenty of earth’s surface RADIATIVE energy rockets out to… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

“HEAT energy dissipation is complete” might be better stated as:-

“HEAT energy [transfer] is [minimal]”

Energy dissipation then continues RADIATIVELY.


Richard C (NZ)

Neutrinos (as Andy stated), not neutrons (as I stated) – garrgh!


Temperature is a measurement related to the kinetic energy of the matter that surrounds the measuring device.

If there is no matter surrounding the measuring device, then you have no temperature, though the measuring device itself invalidates the experiment as it introduces matter into the system. This is the classical Observer Paradox postulated by Schrodinger.

“Space” as we know it contains particulate matter in the form of various cosmic rays, neutrinos, and light quanta (photons) that can also be described as particles in quantum mechanics.

Therefore, the theoretical concept of a matter-less and energy-less state that has a measurable temperature doesn’t actually exist, as far as I can see. If you introduce a thermometer into “space”, at some point it will register a temperature above absolute zero.

That is my understanding, though I am always keen to be corrected.

Richard C (NZ)

That’s my understanding too Andy (or at least it was) and even if it wasn’t I wouldn’t be the one to correct you because I’m at the edge of my zone.

I’ve mulled over some sort of co-existent state up-thread here:-


The “other stuff” may have negligible temperature as compared to CMB and the CMB temperature may not be temperature as we know it. O’Sullivan refers to “color temperature” but the Wiki description at my “Clues here” comment says “….the temperature of the CMB as observed in the present day”

Someone has “observed” CMB temperature with some type of instrument somewhere, possibly from both spacecraft and remotely. I’ll have to read the rest of Wiki CMB tomorrow.for clues

(This sure beats being ad hominemed at Hot Topic)

Richard C (NZ)

Couple of thoughts. CMB is thermal radiation (first sentence):- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmic_microwave_background_radiation Neutrinos are elementary subatomic particles:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutrino CMB is BACKGROUND, implying there is foreground radiation, however radiation is not a medium that would facilitate HEAT energy transfer from atmosphere to space. Particles such as neutrinos might provide that medium but they are a) traveling too fast, b) too small. There is on the other hand, enough of them “Most neutrinos passing through the Earth emanate from the Sun. About 65 billion (6.5×1010) solar neutrinos per second pass through every square centimeter perpendicular to the direction of the Sun in the region of the Earth” So it is only background (described in Wiki CMB) radiation that has temperature in space that matches the observed 2.7 K to the the theoretically determined 2.7 K (3000 K when the universe was approximately 379,000 years old). Not that I know what I’m talking about of course. On measuring CMB, turns out that the 2.7 K is an “average”:- “Often, experiments are interferometers which only measure the spatial fluctuations in signals on the sky, and are insensitive to the average 2.7 K background” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmic_microwave_background_experiments Search – Cosmic Microwave Background… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

Dr Latour:- “Thermal T is a point property of matter, a scalar measure of its kinetic energy of atomic and molecular motion. It is measured by thermometers. It decreases with altitude. The rate of thermal energy transfer by conduction or convection between hot Th and cold Tc is proportional to (Th – Tc). Radiation t is a point property of massless radiation, EMR, a directional vector measure of its energy transmission rate per area or intensity, w/m2, according to the Stefan-Boltzmann law. It is measured by pyrometers and spectrometers. Solar radiation t increases with altitude. Black bodies are defined to be those that absorb and radiate with the same intensity and corresponding t. Real, colorful bodies reflect, scatter, absorb, convert and emit radiant energy according to the nature of the incident radiation direction, spectrum and body matter reflectivity, absorptivity, emissivity and view factors”. “Much of GHE theory fails to make clear distinctions between these two different kinds of temperature, T and t. One temperature, t, is analogous to velocity, 34 km/hour north; the other, T, is analogous to density, 1 kg/liter.” http://climatechangedispatch.com/home/9799-that-bogus-greenhouse-gas-whatchamacallit-effect There’s the matter-radiation temperature distinction (I thought I had this first… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

I suggest now that we focus on the 2nd part of the new paradigm and check out the validity or otherwise of it. That being GHE COOLING rather than GHE warming.

This is important because it’s completely contrary to Hansen, Spenser, Lindzen et al.

Some points from O’Sullivan’s article:-

# ‘Thermos Flask’ analogy More Compelling than ‘Blanket Effect’

# Time and again independent scientists have demonstrated to leading climatologists in private emails that space has no temperature because it is an empty vacuum and as such acts as a perfect insulator (like a thermos flask). Thus it inhibits the escape of heat energy from Earth’s atmosphere; only the cooling effect of ‘wet’ gases in our turbulent atmosphere dispose of the excess heat energy via convection and conduction.

# The reverse of the alleged greenhouse gas effect is true – atmospheric gases act to keep out planet COOLER than it would otherwise be.


Richard C (NZ)



Fifty Years of Monthly Temperature Data have NO Correlation with CO2

Diagrams showing HadCRUT3 [see source for GISS, and NCDC] monthly global surface air temperature estimates (blue) and the monthly atmospheric CO2 content (red) according to the Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii.

The Mauna Loa data series begins in March 1958, and 1958 has therefore been chosen as starting year for the diagrams. Reconstructions of past atmospheric CO2 concentrations (before 1958) are not incorporated in this diagram, as such past CO2 values are derived by other means (ice cores, stomata, or older measurements using different methodology, and therefore are not directly comparable with modern atmospheric measurements. The dotted grey line indicates the approximate linear temperature trend, and the boxes in the lower part of the diagram indicate the relation between atmospheric CO2 and global surface air temperature, negative or positive.



Richard C (NZ)

Man-made global warming theory is falsified by satellite observations

Global warming theory proposes that CO2 traps longwave (infrared) radiation in the troposphere to reduce outgoing longwave radiation [OLR] to space. However, satellite measurements since 1975 indicate that global OLR has instead increased by about 1.3 Wm-2. This is in direct contradiction to global warming theory that “trapping” of radiation by CO2 should have instead reduced* OLR by .93 Wm-2 since 1975.

>>>>>>> [Warning: linear trend]


Richard C (NZ)




Prof. Peter A. Ziegler Dr. h.c.
February, 2013



A couple of interesting quotes from the IPCC regarding the tropospheric hotspot no show. The first from AR4 and the second from AR5 draft:

‘To summarise, the available data do not indicate a detectable trend in upper-tropospheric relative humidity.’ (2007)

‘In summary, there is a high confidence (robust evidence although only medium agreement) that most, though not all, CMIP3 and CMIP5 models overestimate the warming trend in the tropical troposphere during the satellite period 1979-2011. The cause of this bias remains elusive.’ (2012)
(Section, p. 9-27, lines 31-33)

Richard C (NZ)

Man-Made Global Warming WRONG – The Ten Reasons. by COHENITE 1 Temperature……. 2 Models………. 3 The sun (1). AGW science says the sun has little effect on temperature compared with CO2 forcing. Dr Ka-Kit Tung disagrees and has compared the long-term solar record with the longest temperature record on the planet, the Central England Temperature [CET]. The final image in Tung’s slide presentation is revealing and shows a remarkable correlation between the CET record and Total Solar Irradiation [TSI]. This correlation between temperature and TSI has also been derived in 2 other studies. The first is by Glassman at Figure 1 where he uses global HADCRUT3 data. The second is by Stockwell at Figures 4-7 where all the major land-based temperature indices are shown to correlate with TSI using his model. Stockwell’s model is simply that temperature responds to TSI mean with the rate of temperature increase/decline determined by the movement away from the mean. 4 The sun (2)……… 5 The sun (3)……….. 6 The Moon……….. 7 Aerosols………… 8 Water…………. 9 Carbon Dioxide (CO2)…….. 10 Angry summer………. http://theclimatescepticsparty.blogspot.co.nz/2013/06/man-made-global-warming-wrong-ten.html From 3 The sun (1), “Tung’s slide presentation”: ‘Evidence for a Multidecadal Oscillation in Global… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

Have laid out the Tung and Zhou, CET/TSI case in the latest Stuff Nation opinion piece on Bill McKibben by Sarah Hardie ‘Time to fight climate change’:


Should send polymath into paroxysms of denial, dismissal, and denegration, if Fone and Harris form is anything to go by. And Hardie form in response to AndicNZ “…no warming for 17 years and 4 months…”:

polymath 6 hours ago

Lies, lies and more lies. […]

Warming has NOT stopped for 17 years, or for any period. Every bit of evidence shows it is still getting warnmer. The models have been succesful – the predictions made in IPCC report in 1990 have been proven correct – the warming we have observed is firmly within the range predicted.

# # #

polymath is an NZer, very prolific, and more than a little manic (but his spelling is atrocious). I think there must be an activist connection somewhere.

I haven’t read Tung and Zhou so I don’t know their case, but if polymath accepts the IPCC position, it might be useful to mention the increasing divergence in global temperature evolution between model output and observation. Dr Spencer’s interesting graphs at Global Warming Slowdown: The View from Space and EPIC FAIL: 73 Climate Models vs. Observations for Tropical Tropospheric Temperature show considerable disparity. You can see similar divergence in the Climate Lab Book and the IPCC WGI Fifth Assessment Report, Second Order Draft, Chapter 9, p.26, says: ‘Nevertheless, almost all model ensemble members show a warming trend in both LT and MT larger than observational estimates’ and ‘In summary, … most … CMIP3 and CMIP5 models overestimate the warming trend in the tropical troposphere during the satellite period 1979–2011.’ The paper Panel and multivariate methods for tests of trend equivalence in climate data series, McKitrick et al. (2010) states: “Over the interval 1979 to 2009, model-projected temperature trends are two to four times larger than observed trends in both the lower and mid-troposphere and the differences are statistically significant at the 99% level” — a strong sign that the GCMs are not… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

>”I haven’t read Tung and Zhou so I don’t know their case” There’s a link to a slideshow synopsis (T&Z) of their work (Z&T) up-thread but here it is again: http://www.tims.ntu.edu.tw/download/talk/20120918_2297.pdf It’s an easy clear read and among other things corrects Foster and Rahmstorf’s “anthropogenic warming trend” using a longer dataset (HadCRUT4) and F&R’s own methods which I’ve pointed out at Stuff. Z&T introduce AMO cyclicity (quasi 70 yr cycle) as a regressor in addition to F&R’s factors. This is interesting to me because I’ve always thought the 60 year PDO cycle was what produced the oscillation in HadCRUT3/4. Needless to say, Z&T incurred the ire of Foster (Tamino/Open Mind), Real Climate and Skeptical Science and were immediately tagged “deniers”. But if nothing else, take a look at the CET/TSI graph on page 36. 350+ years of clear indication that the sun is the driver of temperature, not CO2. >”…if polymath accepts the IPCC position, it might be useful to mention the increasing divergence in global temperature evolution between model output and observation” Yes, good suggestions, quoting the IPCC is a very good idea and I’ll give it a go, if not for… Read more »

“here it is again:” Thanks, RC, I’ll have a look.

If it’s made clear that the statements from AR5 are more recent than anything we’ve heard from the IPCC (i.e., they have not been published yet) it should impress any Doubting Thomas.

Good luck.

Richard C (NZ)

>”If it’s made clear that the statements from AR5 are more recent than anything we’ve heard from the IPCC”

I’ve done that using the word “latest”, should appear in the next comments update.

What seems to happen is that comments without links get posted first and comments with multiple links have to get dug out of the spam trap so I’ve hedged my bets with two comments, the first one without links pertaining to the IPCC AR5 SOD quote and McKitrick et al, the other a multi-linked comment re models/observations divergence and model invalidation.

UPDATE: the first linkless comment has been posted.

Richard C (NZ)

Comments closed after only 88 comments. Fortunately I managed to put my best case and all comments posted although I still had an ace to play (‘Paper finds ~50% of warming over past 30 years was due to natural ocean oscillations’, the other 50% solar).

I guess it wasn’t going so well for Sarah Hardie:

“…it’s going be a dark, scary future, and we have to fight it.”

“So what do we do? How exactly do we fight? And will we win?”

“Are we going to win?”

“I’m going to fight, who’s going to join me?”

Richard C (NZ)

>”…managed to put my best case”

Forgot to quote Dr David Whitehouse from ‘The Global Warming Standstill’ (models “on the cusp of falsification”) in conjunction with Dr Roy Spencer’s recent similar statements which I did quote.

Get’s a bit of a head full keeping it all front-of-mind – especially when there’s so much to choose from.

Incidentally, comments in the Fone/Harris thread are now hidden but the time sequence of comments (not the nested reply sequence) can be accessed by clicking the RSS feed. I’m guessing the Sarah Hardie comment thread will be hidden in due course too.

Richard C (NZ)

>”Z&T introduce AMO cyclicity (quasi 70 yr cycle) as a regressor in addition to F&R’s factors. This is interesting to me because I’ve always thought the 60 year PDO cycle was what produced the oscillation in HadCRUT3/4″ Turns out its a combo: ‘Paper finds ~50% of warming over past 30 years was due to natural ocean oscillations’ A paper presented at the NTU International Science Conference on Climate Change finds that the natural Pacific Decadal Oscillation [PDO] and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation [AMO] are responsible for about 50% of the warming observed over the past 30 years. According to the author, “In the past 30 years, the two multi-decadal oscillations contribute about half of the global mean surface temperature warming.” Prior research has shown that solar activity changes were responsible for at least 50% of the observed warming over the past century. In addition, solar activity has been shown to influence ocean oscillations. Thus, most or all of the observed warming in recent decades can be attributed to natural causes. ‘An Observational Analysis of Oceanic and Atmospheric Structure of Global-Scale Multidecadal Variability’ Prof. Peng Liu ( Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University of Information… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)

‘How pressure-dependent atmospheric warming explains the entire 33C greenhouse effect’

The Hockey Schtick

Nice to see that others are beginning to appreciate the Maxwell/Carnot/Clausius atmospheric mass/gravity/pressure theory of the greenhouse effect [hotlink], which completely explains the atmospheric temperature profiles from the Earth’s surface all the way to the top of the atmosphere at ~100,000 km, entirely without radiative forcing from greenhouse gas ‘back-radiation’ [hotlink].

The latest is a forthcoming series of articles at the Swedish climate skeptic site Stockholm’s Initiative, the first chapter of which is below [Google translation + editing]. These concepts have been discussed in further detail in the series of Hockey Schtick posts on the ‘greenhouse equation’ [hotlink] and in relation to the Maxwell/Carnot/Clausius atmospheric mass/gravity/pressure theory of the 33K greenhouse effect [hotlink].

‘The atmosphere from inside out’

02/18/2015 by Goran Ahlgren .

Chapter 1.

So here it is: