How to use open threads

This page is for discussion of climate change generally.


Open threads

To access the open threads, click on the menu item “OPEN THREADS” in the navigation bar above, hover over “HOW TO USE OPEN THREADS” then over “CLIMATE SCIENCE”. The resulting menu, if it’s too long to fit on the screen, will scroll up with the mouse wheel or the down cursor key.


173
Leave a Reply

avatar
17 Comment threads
156 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
5 Comment authors
Mike JowseyRichard C (NZ)Richard TreadgoldAndyval majkus Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
Notify of
Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Bob D says:
October 27, 2010 at 5:56 pm

On the performance of models:

G. G. Anagnostopoulos et al. (2010) “A comparison of local and aggregated climate model outputs with observed data”

http://pdfserve.informaworld.com/943561__928051726.pdf

Abstract:
We compare the output of various climate models to temperature and precipitation observations at 55 points around the globe.We also spatially aggregate model output and observations over the contiguous USA using data from 70 stations, and we perform comparison at several temporal scales, including a climatic (30-year) scale.
Besides confirming the findings of a previous assessment study that model projections at point scale are poor, results show that the spatially integrated projections are also poor.

THREAD
Guest
THREAD

An Update on Radiative Transfer Model Development at Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc.

J. S. Delamere, S. A. Clough, E. J. Mlawer, Sid-Ahmed Boukabara, K. Cady-Pereira, and M. Shepard Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Lexington, Maine

Introduction
Over the last decade, a suite of radiative transfer models has been developed at Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER) with support from the Atmospheric and Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. These models span the full spectral regime from the microwave to the ultraviolet, and range from monochromatic to band calculations. Each model combines the latest spectroscopic advancements with radiative transfer algorithms to efficiently compute radiances, fluxes, and cooling rates. These models have been extensively validated against high-resolution spectral measurements and broadband irradiance measurements. Several of these models are part of the broadband heating rate profile value-added product (BBHRP VAP), currently being established at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site.

A Web site has been established to host the AER radiative transfer models (http://rtweb.aer.com). The Web site facilitates access to the models and is a convenient platform on which to provide model updates

Also see – “Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Heat”

Radiative Transfer Climate Models – Google Search

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Radiative forcing by well-mixed greenhouse gases: Estimates from climate models in the IPCC AR4 Collins Et Al 2010 Abstract. The radiative e ffects from increased concentrations of wellmixed greenhouse gases (WMGHGs) represent the most signi ficant and best understood anthropogenic forcing of the climate system. The most comprehensive tools for simulating past and future climates in uenced by WMGHGs are fully coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (AOGCMs). Because of the importance of WMGHGs as forcing agents, it is essential that AOGCMs compute the radiative forcing by these gases as accurately as possible. We present the results of a Radiative-Transfer Model Intercomparison (RTMIP) between the forcings computed by the radiative parameterizations of AOGCMs and by benchmark line-by-line (LBL) codes. The comparison is focused on forcing by CO2, CH4, N2O, CFC-11, CFC-12, and the increased H2O expected in warmer climates. The models included in the intercomparison include several LBL codes and most of the global models submitted to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 4th Assessment Report (AR4). In general, the LBL models are in excellent agreement with each other. However, in many cases, there are substantial discrepancies among the AOGCMs and between the AOGCMs and… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Radiative Transfer Climate Models – Google Search

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Effects of bias in solar radiative transfer codes on global climate model simulations Arking 2005 Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Discussion and Conclusion [19] The radiative properties of the clear atmosphere are such that about half the solar radiation incident at TOA is absorbed by the surface, and only 25% is absorbed by the atmosphere. Hence, it is the surface that is the primary source of heat for the troposphere, most of which is in theform of emitted (infrared) radiation, but some of it is in the form of a thermodynamic heat exchange at the surface (comprising sensible and latent heat) that is carried upward by convection. Enhancing atmospheric absorption of solar radiation would transfer to the atmosphere some of the solar energy that would otherwise heat the surface. [20] As one might expect from a change in the radiation code which increases the absorption of solar radiation in the atmosphere, energy that is otherwise primarily absorbed by the surface is captured by the atmosphere. Hence, as we see in Figure 3, the convective flux necessarily decreases. The magnitude of the change seen, 15–17 W m2… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Effects of bias in solar radiative transfer codes on global climate model simulations – Google Scholar Search

Note: this is a better search than:

radiative transfer codes global climate model simulations

and contains for example;

“An accurate parameterization of the infrared radiative properties of cirrus clouds for climate models” Yang 1998

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Effects of bias in solar radiative transfer codes on global climate model simulations – Google Scholar Search

Note: this is a better search than:

radiative transfer codes global climate model simulations

and contains for example;

“An accurate parameterization of the infrared radiative properties of cirrus clouds for climate models” Yang 1998

Also see – “Clouds in Climate Models”

THREAD
Guest
THREAD
THREAD
Guest
THREAD

geologist-1011

Not so Apologetic

.Deforestation
.Climate “Climate Change Catastrophes in Critical Thinking”
.Greenhouse Effect The Shattered Greenhouse: How Simple Physics Demolishes the “Greenhouse Effect”.
.Volcanic CO2
.Volcanic CFCs
.Expanding Earth
.Palaeomagnetism
.Science

.Most Misquoted

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

See – Climate Models

NON IPCC and Natural Forcings ONLY

Atmospheric & Environmental Research, Inc.’s (AER)
Radiative Transfer Working Group

The foundation of our research and model development is the validation of line-by-line radiative transfer calculations with accurate high-resolution measurements.

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

See – “Climate Models”

NON IPCC and Natural Forcings ONLY

Cloud Resolving Model (CRM)

Superparameterization

THREAD
Guest
THREAD

SkepticalScience – a warmist enclave

THREAD
Guest
THREAD

Open Threads – Climate Conversation Group

Climate Science

INDEX

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Steven Goddard responds to Gareth Renowden’s (Hot Topic) ad hom ridden puff piece “Buffoons in arms: Goddard joins Monckton at SPPI” with a science smackdown.

“It is difficult to argue against ad homs, but easy to discuss the science.”

H/T Andy

THREAD
Guest
THREAD
THREAD
Guest
THREAD

David Archibald

Papers and Presentations.

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Oops, wrong place – see down page.

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

From – Discussion and conclusions This paper discusses the findings from the Radiative Transfer Model Intercomparison Project (RTMIP). The basic goal of RTMIP is to compare the radiative forcings computed with AOGCMs in the IPCC AR4 against calculations with LBL models. [But no comparison with real-world measurements of radiation – Note] These results suggest several directions for development of the radiative parameterizations in AOGCMs. First, tests of the accuracy of shortwave and longwave forcings at the surface should be given special attention. Second, the shortwave parameterizations in all the AOGCMs should be enhanced to include the e ffects of CH4 and optionally N2O on near-infrared radiation. Third, AOGCMs should evaluate the convergence of shortwave radiation in the atmosphere using benchmark calculations. This is a particularly clean test of the radiation physics, and the current models exhibit an improbably large spread of the convergence. E fforts to address these issues would have several benefi ts for the climate-modeling community and for groups using their models in scientifi c and societal applications. Better agreement of AOGCMs with LBL calculations would lead to greater con fidence in simulations of past and future climate. It would also facilitate the analysis of forcing-response… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Download error – alternative link:-

http://pdfserve.informaworld.com/218198__928051726.pdf

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

On the performance of models: “A comparison of local and aggregated climate model outputs with observed data” G. G. Anagnostopoulos et al. (2010) CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION It is claimed that GCMs provide credible quantitative estimates of future climate change, particularly at continental scales and above. Examining the local performance of the models at 55 points, we found that local projections do not correlate well with observed measurements. Furthermore, we found that the correlation at a large spatial scale, i.e. the contiguous USA, is worse than at the local scale. However, we think that the most important question is not whether GCMs can produce credible estimates of future climate, but whether climate is at all predictable in deterministic terms. Several publications, a typical example being Rial et al. (2004), point out the difficulties that the climate system complexity introduces when we attempt to make predictions. “Complexity” in this context usually refers to the fact that there are many parts comprising the system and many interactions among these parts. This observation is correct, but we take it a step further. We think that it is not merely a matter of high dimensionality, and that it… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Modeling the Dynamics of Long-Term Variability of Hydroclimatic Processes OLI G. B. SVEINSSON AND JOSE D. SALAS Department of Civil Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado DUANE C. BOES Department of Statistics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado ROGER A. PIELKE SR. Department of Atmospheric Science, and Colorado Climate Center, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado (Manuscript received 26 December 2001, in final form 9 September 2002) ABSTRACT The stochastic analysis, modeling, and simulation of climatic and hydrologic processes such as precipitation, streamflow, and sea surface temperature have usually been based on assumed stationarity or randomness of the process under consideration. However, empirical evidence of many hydroclimatic data shows temporal variability involving trends, oscillatory behavior, and sudden shifts. While many studies have been made for detecting and testing the statistical significance of these special characteristics, the probabilistic framework for modeling the temporal dynamics of such processes appears to be lacking. In this paper a family of stochastic models that can be used to capture the dynamics of abrupt shifts in hydroclimatic time series is proposed. The applicability of such ‘‘shifting mean models’’ are illustrated by using time series data of annual Pacific… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Stochastic Hydrology

Advanced application of statistics and probability to hydrology as applied in the modeling of hydro-climatic sequences

Computer rendering of stochastic models

Fournier 1982

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Note – Arking 2005 predates recent findings of negative feedbacks from clouds

val majkus
Guest
val majkus

Here’s the inimitable Dr Tim Ball on data manipulation http://canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/28360 Data collection is expensive and requires continuity – it’s a major role for government. They fail with weather data because money goes to political climate research. A positive outcome of corrupted climate science exposed by Climategate, is re-examination beginning with raw data by the UK Met Office (UKMO). This is impossible because much is lost, thrown out after modification or conveniently lost, as in the case of records held by Phil Jones, director of Climategate. (Here and Here) Evidence of manipulation and misrepresentation of data is everywhere. Countries maintain weather stations and adjust the data before it’s submitted through the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to the central agencies including the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN), the Hadley Center associated with CRU now called CRUTEM3, and NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS). They make further adjustments before selecting stations to produce their global annual average temperature. This is why they produce different measures each year from supposedly similar data. There are serious concerns about data quality. The US spends more than others on weather stations, yet their condition and reliability is simply atrocious.… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)
THREAD
Guest
THREAD

kenskingdom

Ken Stewart

Mike Jowsey
Guest
Mike Jowsey

Richards S. Courtenay rocks

Love this one:
“So, the difference between a model’s results and observed reality informs about the model, and this difference is not “evidence” for the existence or otherwise of any postulated effect – for example, anthropogenic global warming – in the real climate system.
If you cannot grasp this simple point then you should consider the following. Computer models based on fundamental physical laws can very accurately emulate the behaviours of battling spaceships, but this cannot provide any “evidence” for the existence of alien monsters in real space.”

Mike Jowsey
Guest
Mike Jowsey

Oops – apologies for mis-spelling name : hate it when that happens! S/b Richard S. Courtney

Andy
Guest
Andy

I’d be getting a bit worried about this particular computer model:

Climate change game launched

An educational computer game in which users have to save the world from climate change offers an interesting solution – decide the problem is overpopulation and design a virus to kill millions.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/environment/climatechange/8101281/Climate-change-game-launched.html

Fancy a bit of genocide in your stocking this Christmas, Johnny?

Mike Jowsey
Guest
Mike Jowsey

OMG – this is for real! Reminds me of Hitler Youth camps – indoctrinate, indoctrinate, indoctrinate. THE END JUSTIFIES THE MEANS!

Andy
Guest
Andy

Mike,
Sounds like you and Richard North are reading the same messages into this:

http://eureferendum.blogspot.com/2010/11/hitler-youth.html

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Is this another own goal like 10:10?

I’m putting this in “Controversy and scandal” anyway.

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

the inconvenient SKEPTIC

Radiative Heat Transfer: Simple Overview – first in series

Discussion in comments

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)
Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

From Overconfidence in IPCC’s detection and attribution: Part III October 24, 2010 by Judith Curry Circularity in the argument Apart from the issue of the actual logic used for reasoning, there is circularity in the argument that is endemic to whatever reasoning logic is used. Circular reasoning is a logical fallacy whereby the proposition to be proved is assumed in one of the premises. The most serious circularity enters into the determination of the forcing data. Given the large uncertainties in forcings and model inadequacies (including a factor of 2 difference in CO2 sensitivity), how is it that each model does a credible job of tracking the 20th century global surface temperature anomalies (AR4 Figure 9.5)? This agreement is accomplished through each modeling group selecting the forcing data set that produces the best agreement with observations, along with model kludges that include adjusting the aerosol forcing to produce good agreement with the surface temperature observations. If a model’s sensitivity is high, it is likely to require greater aerosol forcing to counter the greenhouse warming, and vice versa for a low model sensitivity. The proposition to be proved (#7) is assumed in premise #3… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

From Overconfidence in IPCC’s detection and attribution: Part III October 24, 2010 by Judith Curry Circularity in the argument Richard S Courtney | October 25, 2010 at 4:48 am | Reply Dr Curry: I think the problem with the models is more profound than you state when you write: “The most serious circularity enters into the determination of the forcing data. Given the large uncertainties in forcings and model inadequacies (including a factor of 2 difference in CO2 sensitivity), how is it that each model does a credible job of tracking the 20th century global surface temperature anomalies (AR4 Figure 9.5)? This agreement is accomplished through each modeling group selecting the forcing data set that produces the best agreement with observations, along with model kludges that include adjusting the aerosol forcing to produce good agreement with the surface temperature observations. ” I stated my assessment on a previous thread of your blog and I take the liberty of copying it here because I think it goes to the heart of the issue of “Overconfidence”. My comment was in the thread titled “What can we learn from climate models” that is at http://judithcurry.com/2010/10/03/what-can-we-learn-from-climate-models/ It… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)
Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)
Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Why ‘Science of Doom’ Doesn’t Understand the 1st Law of Thermodynamics

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

The alarmist Science of Doom blog post Do Trenberth and Kiehl understand the First Law of Thermodynamics? shows an absurd ‘thought experiment’ riddled with errors that is supposed to support and explain the IPCC Earth energy budget of Kevin Trenberth. In brief, the post shows a 30,000 Watt energy source [“earth”] enclosed inside a 3 meter thick PVC sphere [“the atmosphere”] and erroneously calculates that the 30,000 Watts miraculously turns into 1,824,900 Watts emitted from the inner surface of the PVC sphere. To anyone with a rudimentary understanding of physics, this is an obvious violation of the conservation of energy demanded by the 1st Law of Thermodynamics. Let’s examine the math errors of ‘Science of Doom’ (a climate scientist named Dr. Phillips) that produce this absurd result, beginning with the thought experiment diagram and assumptions:

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

seafriends

Seafriends Marine Conservation and Education Centre. 7 Goat Island Rd. Leigh R.D.5. New Zealand

val majkus
Guest
val majkus

For Australians: Here’s a copy of an e mail I received today A group set up with Allen Jones as patron and some very eminent advisors including Warwick Hughes And another media personality Andrew Bolt I heartily endorse the site; it’s time to get the message that people like Warwick have been researching for so long before the public and into the media so I hope you can donate and encourage this effort and here’s the e mail It’s time: an opportunity to support true scientists presenting real-world climate science to inform the public. http://www.galileomovement.com.au 7:10am Tuesday morning, May 17th, and Wednesday, May 18th tune into radio 2GB, Sydney: http://www.2gb.com 16 May, 2011 Hi, We’re delighted to be able to introduce you to the web site of the newly-formed Galileo Movement (www.galileomovement.com.au). The principal aim of this Movement is to first win the battle against the currently threatened tax on carbon dioxide and then to win the war against any drive for ever putting a price on it. From recent public polls it is obvious that the majority of Australians are opposed to this tax and we believe you are probably part of… Read more »

THREAD
Guest
THREAD

Climate Extremes and Extreme Weather

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Climate Extremes and Global Warming

By ANDREW C. REVKIN – Dot Earth

[…]

Passions are heightened by extraordinary recent climate-related disasters and concerns in poor countries that they’re already being affected by a greenhouse-gas buildup mainly caused (so far) by rich countries.

But despite decades of work on greenhouse-driven warming, research aimed at clarifying how greenhouse-driven global warming will affect the rarest categories of raging floods, searing droughts and potent storms is both limited and laden with uncertainty.

[…]

See Q and A with Chris Field, a leader of the panel’s [IPCC] Working Group 2 “Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX)”

>>>>>>>>

http://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/15/closeup-climate-extremes-and-global-warming/

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Details and reaction to the IPCC Special Report:

“Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX)”

can be found in this (off-topic) thread under the “‘Monster’ increase in emissions” post starting here:-

https://www.climateconversation.org.nz/2011/11/monster-increase-in-emissions/#comment-70844

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Review fails to support climate change link * by: Graham Lloyd, Environment editor * From: The Australian * November 18, 2011 12:00AM WIDELY-HELD assumptions that climate change is responsible for an upsurge in extreme drought, flood and storm events are not supported by a landmark review of the science. And a clear climate change signal would not be evident for decades because of natural weather variability. Despite the uncertainties, politicians – including US President Barack Obama in his address to federal parliament yesterday – continue to link major weather events directly to climate change. Greens leader Bob Brown yesterday highlighted Mr Obama’s climate change comments and said the extreme weather impacts were “not just coming, they are happening”. But rather than bolster claims of a climate change link, the scientific review prepared by the world’s leading climate scientists for the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change highlights the level of uncertainty. After a week of debate, the IPCC will tonight release a summary of the report in Kampala, Uganda, as a prelude to the year’s biggest climate change conference, being held in Durban, South Africa. The full report will not be released for… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

IPCC scientists test the Exit doors

RE: Mixed messages on climate ‘vulnerability’. Richard Black, BBC.

AND UPDATED: The Australian reports the leaked IPCC review, AND a radio station just announced it as “IPCC says we don’t know if there is a reason for the carbon tax”. See more below.
———————————-
This is another big tipping point on the slide out of the Great Global Scam. IPCC scientists — facing the travesty of predictions-gone-wrong — are trying to salvage some face, and plant some escape-clause seeds for later. But people are not stupid.

A conveniently leaked IPCC draft is testing the ground. What excuses can they get away with? Hidden underneath some pat lines about how anthropogenic global warming is “likely” to influence… ah cold days and warm days, is the get-out-of-jail clause that’s really a bombshell:

“Uncertainty in the sign of projected changes in climate extremes over the coming two to three decades is relatively large because climate change signals are expected to be relatively small compared to natural climate variability”.

http://joannenova.com.au/2011/11/ipcc-scientists-test-the-exit-doors/

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Common link in extreme weather events found – and no, it isn’t AGW Posted on December 5, 2011 by Anthony Watts From the University of Wisconsin-Madison something you’ll never see posted on Climate Progress or mentioned by weepy Bill McKibben because it mellows their harshness Global winds could explain record rains, tornadoes MADISON –Two talks at a scientific conference this week will propose a common root for an enormous deluge in western Tennessee in May 2010, and a historic outbreak of tornadoes centered on Alabama in April 2011. Both events seem to be linked to a relatively rare coupling between the polar and the subtropical jet streams, says Jonathan Martin, a University of Wisconsin-Madison professor of atmospheric and oceanic sciences. But the fascinating part is that the change originates in the western Pacific, about 9,000 miles away from the intense storms in the U.S. midsection, Martin says. The mechanism that causes the storms originates during spring or fall when organized complexes of tropical thunderstorms over Indonesia push the subtropical jet stream north, causing it to merge with the polar jet stream. The subtropical jet stream is a high-altitude band of wind that is… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Looks like alarm will continue to focus on extreme weather in 2012 – a great new greenfield opportunity for climate science funding. Here’s something to watch for mid-year (a headsup, if you will):- Harsh Political Reality Slows Climate Studies Despite Extreme Year By JUSTIN GILLIS Published: December 24, 2011 At the end of one of the most bizarre weather years in American history, climate research stands at a crossroads. But for many reasons, efforts to put out prompt reports on the causes of extreme weather are essentially languishing. Chief among the difficulties that scientists face: the political environment for new climate-science initiatives has turned hostile, and with the federal budget crisis, money is tight […page 2] Some steps are being taken. Peter A. Stott, a leading climate scientist in Britain, has been pressing colleagues on both sides of the Atlantic to develop a robust capability to analyze weather extremes in real time. He is part of a group that expects to publish, next summer, the first complete analysis of a full year of extremes, focusing on 2011. In an interview, Dr. Stott said the goal was to get to a point where “the… Read more »

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Tom Nelson headlines the article a little differently:-

Another lie from your New York Times: “the weather becomes more erratic by the year”

http://tomnelson.blogspot.com/2011/12/another-lie-from-your-new-york-times.html

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Useful tutorials from Stephan Goddard at Real Science

Learning To Distinguish Between Low CO2 And High CO2 Droughts | Real Science

Droughts on the left side of the blue line were below 350 ppm CO2, and droughts on the right side were above 350 ppm. Before you can distinguish between them, you need to accurately determine how many angels can dance on the head of a pin. Then you have to tell the press that droughts seem like they are getting worse.

Learning To Distinguish Between Low CO2 Tornadoes And High CO2 Tornadoes | Real Science

Tornadoes to the left of the pink line are below 350 PPM tornadoes, and tornadoes to the right are high CO2 (supercharged) tornadoes. Can you spot the difference?

http://tomnelson.blogspot.com/2012/01/will-droughts-and-floods-eventually.html

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Failed winter climate predictions

(The first 33 concern mostly Germany and Central Europe)

1. “Due to global warming, the coming winters in the local regions will become milder.”
Stefan Rahmstorf, Potsdam Institute of Climate Impact Research, University of Potsdam, 8 Feb 2006

***

2. “Milder winters, drier summers: Climate study shows a need to adapt in Saxony Anhalt.”
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Press Release, 10 Jan 2010.

****

3. “More heat waves, no snow in the winter“ … “Climate models… over 20 times more precise than the UN IPCC global models. In no other country do we have more precise calculations of climate consequences. They should form the basis for political planning. … Temperatures in the wintertime will rise the most … there will be less cold air coming to Central Europe from the east. …In the Alps winters will be 2°C warmer already between 2021 and 2050.”
Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, 2 Sept 2008.

****
More >>>>>>>> [59 so far]

http://notrickszone.com/2013/04/04/climate-science-humiliated-earlier-model-prognoses-of-warmer-winters-now-todays-laughingstocks/

Richard C (NZ)
Guest
Richard C (NZ)

Matt Ridley’s diary: My undiscovered island, and the Met Office’s computer problem

[…]

At least somebody’s happy about the cold. Gary Lydiate runs one of Northumberland’s export success stories, Kilfrost, which manufactures 60 per cent of Europe’s and a big chunk of the world’s aircraft de-icing fluid, so he puts his money where his mouth is, deciding how much fluid to send to various airports each winter. Back in January, when I bumped into him in a restaurant, he was beaming: ‘Joe says this cold weather’s going to last three months,’ he said. Joe is Joe Bastardi, a private weather forecaster, who does not let global warming cloud his judgment. Based on jetstreams, el Niños and ocean oscillations, Bastardi said the winter of 2011–12 would be cold only in eastern Europe, which it was, but the winter of 2012–13 would be cold in western Europe too, which it was. He’s now predicting ‘warming by mid month’ of April for the UK.

More >>>>>

http://www.spectator.co.uk/the-week/diary/8880591/diary-603/