Liquid fossil fuels and climate change

petrol pump

How much does our ETS increase petrol & power prices?

The following passage is from our government’s web page explaining the ETS. It’s only a short piece, but there are numerous examples of non-sequiturs, or illogical derivations from the previous statement.

Anyone convinced it’s based on science or logic? Anyone at all?

The government reasons*

Most forms of travel are fuelled by liquid fossil fuels, such as petrol and diesel, which result in emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

New Zealanders travel frequently and have a high level of vehicle ownership. Our use of freight transport has increased as the economy has grown, and our geographical isolation makes us reliant on ships and planes to connect us and our products to the rest of the world.

Between 1990 and 2006, total transport emissions increased by 5.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide, or 64 per cent. If we do not make changes to the ways we travel and transport freight, or to the technology and fuels we use, transport energy use will grow further. Public transport, biofuels, electric vehicles, rail, cycling and walking, as well as improved vehicle efficiency will all help – as will the ETS.

*Of course, this is among the worst of oxymorons.

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34 Thoughts on “Liquid fossil fuels and climate change

  1. Andy on 03/10/2011 at 2:06 pm said:

    Has anyone done a study on the power generation requirements for moving to a fleet of electric cars in NZ?

    I believe that similar studies in the UK have show power for electric cars to be predominantly derived from coal power stations.

    Similarly, I think there are studies that show biofuels actually emit more net CO2 than fossil fuels.

    Other than the walking and cycling bit, I don’t think we can take any of the governments pronouncements as true without further investigation.

    • There is at least this one, published here at the CCG. Makes interesting reading, Gary would still be pleased, I’m sure, to hear of any criticisms of it if you find some. Suggests there would be big problems with maintaining service if electric cars grew popular very quickly.

    • Gary on 04/10/2011 at 7:13 pm said:

      I dont mind sensible Green inititives,that make ecconomic sense, that don’t affect the well being of people.
      However as we know those that use this CO2 con are noted for their ability to stretch the truth on facts, and as we know an ETS will do nothing for the enviroment.
      We got it thanks to a bunch of Spinless MPs not prepared to tell the world to take a hike.

  2. Richard C (NZ) on 03/10/2011 at 4:25 pm said:

    NZ ETS Fuel Levy thread header here:-

    From the AA article:-

    The Rising Costs of Driving

    The ETS requires fuel providers to have a permit to release a greenhouse gas or use energy. Luckily individual motorists don’t need a permit – called a unit, which represents a tonne of carbon dioxide – but oil companies need to buy enough units to cover the amount of fuel they sell to motorists

    Units are purchased from the market-place [Secondary market €12.40 per unit], an exchange where units allocated by the Government to foresters or firms are traded. Firms can also import units from United Nations validated carbon unit suppliers [Primary market €4 per unit]. Most of the oil companies are already involved in these international markets. From July 2010, the oil companies will need an estimated 15 million units per year. At present, however, only 8% of eligible New Zealand forests have entered the scheme, meaning just 7.3 million units are available. Fortunately, the Government has offered those companies requiring units a two-for-one deal – until 2013, the oil companies will only need half the number of units they would normally need – about 7.5 million.

    The problem with all markets if there is scarcity – like a shortfall of 200,000 units – is that the price goes up. To get around that problem, the Government has stated that until 2013, instead of buying units, oil companies can simply pay cash at a fixed rate of $25 per tonne of carbon dioxide. (At time of writing the international price is more than this, but other times it is less.)

    The net effect for motorists is that from July the price of petrol will go up about three cents a litre, and (because it has more energy content) the price of diesel about 3.4 cents a litre

    Climate Change (Liquid Fossil Fuels) Regulations 2008 (as at 01 October 2010)

    Explanatory note: Climate Change (Liquid Fossil Fuels) Regulations 2008

    Appendix 1: Liquid fossil fuel emission factors for the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme

    • Richard C (NZ) on 03/10/2011 at 6:49 pm said:

      Daft I think for retailers to pay NZ$25 cash to the govt when they could (should and probably are) purchase on the primary market at NZ$7 a unit..

      That’s using a €4 2010 price and current 0.56625 x-rate from here:-

      Even buying on the secondary market at €12.40 works out at NZ$21.90 using 2010 prices (€11.80 in 2009, €17.80 in 2008).

    • Richard C (NZ) on 04/10/2011 at 10:52 am said:

      CER price variation is explained in “State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2011” this way:-

      “Prices continue to vary widely across the regulated and voluntary markets, as each market
      transacts very different credits with unique supply- and demand-side drivers to go along with distinct project-level characteristics.”

      Whew, these things are hard to get a handle on.but there’s more explanation copied from the same report at this comment:-

      See “The Value of a Standard” and Figure 4: Price Distribution by Carbon Accounting Standard Applied in 2009 and 2010

  3. Richard C (NZ) on 03/10/2011 at 4:57 pm said:

    Andy asked in the UN thread:-

    It appears that we, the public, pay an amount X for our indulgences. Emitters can opt to pay Y for offshore CER certificates, where Y <= X.

    We pay about 3c a litre ETS tax but the emitter is the petrol retailer in terms of the Climate Change (Liquid Fossil Fuels) Regulations and at present they are paying NZ$25 cash a tonne to the govt so that X = Y (see below). If they were to purchase CERs off-shore they would pay €4 per unit on the primary market or €12.40 per unit on the secondary market.

    The question is, where does the difference, X – Y, go to?

    There’s no difference at the moment because petrol retailers are not purchasing off-shore to satisfy ETS Regs so the 3c is derived from the $25 cash they are paying (see Emissions factors up-thread). I suspect that when they do purchase off-shore in 2013 that each retailer will adjust the ETS levy charged to motorists to reflect their respective average unit cost i.e. X = Y still.

    The same could be said for Y, too.

    In 2013 Y will be whatever the average unit cost works out to be for each retailer. Hopefully if they can minimise CER cost, the levy will be less than 3c (especially if they are buying on the primary market now at €4 per unit).

    Winging it a bit so better check my reasoning.

  4. Richard C (NZ) on 03/10/2011 at 5:18 pm said:

    From ETS REVIEW 2011:-

    17 May 2011 Panel Meeting Panel Paper: Panel’s comments on other issues

    Liquid fossil fuels in shipping – operation of international shipping
    4. The key here is the differing treatment of domestic v international shipping. The Panel is interested in the Secretariat’s view on section 202 and how this may be used to alleviate the concern. Below is an extract from submission 41, Pacifica Transport.

    Pacifica Shipping have published their ETS Levy:-

    At the comment date linked below, the ETS Levy added by Pacifica is $6 per TEU (Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit), based on the $25 New Zealand unit price. See details here:-

  5. Richard C (NZ) on 03/10/2011 at 5:36 pm said:

    ETS Case Studies

    Example 1 – Sheep and Beef

    Example 2 – Dairy

    Example 3 – Arable

    Example 4 – Dairy, Sheep and Beef

    At present milk and meat processors will pay this on behalf of the farmer. At $25/NZU this will amount to a levy of about 3c/kg beef, 6c per kg sheepmeat and 2.5c/kg milk solids.

  6. Richard C (NZ) on 03/10/2011 at 5:42 pm said:

    Contact Energy ETS pricing:-

    The price increases will apply to the variable part of your bill – which reflects the actual amount of electricity and/or gas you use. Electricity prices will increase by 0.77 cents per kilowatt hour and gas prices will increase by 0.27 cents per kilowatt hour. These increases exclude GST and are prior to the application of your prompt payment discount.

    For an average residential customer using 8,000 kilowatt hours of electricity per year and 8,000 kilowatt hours of natural gas per year, this would mean an increase of $5.31 for electricity (3.2%) and $1.86 (2.2%) for gas per month (including GST and after a 10% prompt payment discount).

  7. Mike Jowsey on 03/10/2011 at 7:00 pm said:

    If we do not make changes to the ways we travel and transport freight, or to the technology and fuels we use, transport energy use will grow further. Public transport, biofuels, electric vehicles, rail, cycling and walking, as well as improved vehicle efficiency will all help – as will the ETS.

    How exactly does the ETS help us change how we freight goods from or to overseas? How does it help make changes to the technology and fuels we use? Answer – it does not help one iota. In fact, it does not even help us choose the rail over our family car. It is simply a tax on the masses. It will change nothing except the coffers of our fearless government, or some faceless bureaucrats in some far-off country.

    • Clarence on 04/10/2011 at 11:30 am said:

      “New Zealanders travel frequently …. make changes to the way we travel.”

      I’ve read this 3 times, and it seems to me the only real meaning is that we have to travel less frequently. The ETS can achieve this by putting travel costs beyond the means of the poorest New Zealanders.

      The demand for transport is notoriously inelastic. Usage reduces only slightly when prices of fuel go up, but the extra money siphoned off to the Government makes less available for other necessities, like food, medicines, babywear, etc

      A large share of total travel is getting to and from work. As costs increase, the unemployment benefit looks ever more attractive.

    • Richard C (NZ) on 04/10/2011 at 12:04 pm said:

      I’ve recently been interviewed in a govt survey of New Zealanders travel and NZ tourism in general.

      Some of the questions seemed very much ETS specific with domestic travel and getting to and from work being asked about.

    • Mike Jowsey on 05/10/2011 at 5:20 am said:

      Clarence, you say:

      The ETS can achieve this by putting travel costs beyond the means of the poorest New Zealanders.

      I think you will find that when demand for travel drops, so does pricing (often sponsored by a country seeking tourism dollars).

      Alternatively, if I have to pay an extra $200 for ETS costs on an overseas trip costing $5000 overall, am I going to suddenly reconsider my travel plans and buy a sail boat? Ah, no…, just whack it on the credit card.

      My point is, the ETS will not substantially change the lifestyles of New Zealanders. It simply increases the costs to the consumer and makes for an unhappy constituency. It does not decrease profits to the airlines, energy companies or industry. They simply pass the increased costs on to the consumer.

      It does, however, decrease profits for farmers because they have no control over the prices at which they sell their produce. Yet, even here it will not change pastoral farming practices (unless the farmer astutely decides to convert from pastoral farming to forestry) because currently there is no technological answer to methane emissions from livestock.

      So, in summary, the ETS will not change our behaviour and it will do nothing for the environment. It simply impoverishes New Zealand in comparison to the rest of the non-ETS world.

    • Andy on 05/10/2011 at 7:02 am said:

      Yes, but that is the point of the whole thing.Carbon trading is a wealth transfer from “rich” countries such as NZ to “developing” nations such as China.

      If you look at Australia’s emissions projections, you will see that 50% of their “reductions” at least will be credits purchased from offshore.

  8. Richard C (NZ) on 04/10/2011 at 10:33 am said:

    State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2011

    Table 1. Volume, Value, and Prices in the Forest Carbon Markets

    0.0 MtCO2e transacted in the NZ ETS 2010.

    Total global voluntary 2010: 27.6 MtCO2e

    Total global regulated 2010: 2.6 MtCO2e

    Total Global Primary Market 2010: 29.0 MtCO2e

    Total Global Secondary Market 2010: 1.2 MtCO2e

    The Global Flow of Credits

    Latin America provided the lion’s share of supply, contributing more than half of the volume contracted in 2010 (see Figure 2), almost entirely from 28 projects in Peru and Brazil.

    European buyers stepped in as the largest source of demand, taking at least 10.6 MtCO2e primarily from Latin America, Asia, and Africa

    North America provided the second-largest sources of both supply and demand in the market, with companies taking on 5.6 MtCO2e, just over the 4.9 MtCO2e supplied from projects in the region. North American buyers were the primary source of demand for credits from North American projects, but Europeans were also willing to take a substantial slice of the North American pie (0.5 MtCO2e).

    The Changing Face of Projects

    The private sector has emerged as a new torchbearer for forest carbon projects. Taking cues from the early and persistent progress of non-profit conservation organizations, a host of new private sector players are entering the marketplace, from project development companies to major financial firms such as BNP Paribas and Gazprom Marketing & Trading.

    From Trees to Tonnes

    The year of 2010 was filled with many firsts in the forest carbon sector. The move towards standardization using third-party verification found throughout the broader carbon markets has taken a strong place at the center of forest carbon market activity. In particular, the continued emergence of REDD+ on the international policy stage was matched by the unveiling of
    several groundbreaking REDD methodologies for offset projects and the issuance of the first VCS REDD credits. But REDD was not alone. A trend towards consolidated or widely applicable methodologies from standards requiring third-party verification is now apparent from all corners of the market, with an eye towards decreasing the burden on developers while
    maintaining rigor in the marketplace. It now seems buyers have responded to the greater clarity in the methodology landscape with an increased willingness to sign on the dotted line with new projects.

    Figure 3: Carbon Standards and Layering with Co-Benefits Standards, 2010

    Many projects are also now following a demand for certification of an array of project benefits beyond carbon. In 2010, projects across the forest carbon sector reported applying only one supplementary “co-benefits” standard, that of the Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA, see Figure 3). Twenty-five projects that contracted credits in 2010 reported using the CCB Standards, covering over half the year’s total volume.

    The Value of a Standard

    The diverse array of standards applied in the marketplace also coincides with a spectrum of prices for credits developed under each standard. Projects using no standard or only an internal standard were able to secure the highest prices, although—as reported above—they did not contract significant volumes. Credits committed in 2010 under the CAR standard were clustered fairly tightly in the range of $7-10/tCO2e, but were down slightly from prices reported in 2009. California market players indicated these prices have already risen following approval of The Reserve’s two forest protocols at the end of 2010 for use in the pending California cap-and-trade scheme.

    Despite having the largest volumes contracted across the globe, VCS had the lowest average price per tonne,

    Figure 4: Price Distribution by Carbon Accounting Standard Applied in 2009 and 2010

    Table 2: Supply Estimated for 2011-2015 by Project Developers

    NZ ETS: 0.1 MtCO2e/5yr

    Total Global: 373.1 MtCO2e/5yr

    What to Watch

    The above post by Richard T was prompted by this thread under “UN” that documents revelations of gross failure by the UN’s climate program known as the “Clean Development Mechanism” (CDM) and carbon offsets (CERs) generated by developers under that umbrella.

    Background of the controversy and CDM and CERs in respect to NZs ETS can be found under “UN” here:-

  9. Richard C (NZ) on 04/10/2011 at 11:49 am said:

    EU Carbon Trading Rocked By Mass Killings

    Monday, 03 October 2011 09:19 Arthur Neslen, EurActiv

    The reported killing of 23 Honduran farmers in a dispute with the owners of UN-accredited palm oil plantations in Honduras is forcing the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) executive board to reconsider its stakeholder consultation processes.

    EU carbon trading scheme pays for murder of 23 farmers in Honduras

    Murdering Peasant Farmers For Fun And AGW Profit

    • Richard C (NZ) on 04/10/2011 at 12:51 pm said:

      Honduras: Human Rights Violations in Bajo Aguán

      International Fact Finding Mission Report

      A recent example of a significant international loan is project 27250 by the International
      Financial Corporation (IFC), an entity of the World Bank Group that co-finances the project,
      providing 30 million USD of the sum total of 75 million USD to the Dinant Corporation, owned
      by businessman Miguel Facussé.

      30 However, on the 11 April 2011, the German Investment and Development Society (DEG)
      decided to suspend their contractual relationship with the Dinant Corporation and not grant the agreed upon loan. DEG received the preliminary report and began a dialogue with the international fact finding mission. After analysing the situation, the public bank that manages German development funds, decided to withdraw their final support from the project. Furthermore, the Clean Development Mechanism´s Executive Board (CDM) and the British government are reviewing their authorisation of controversial carbon offsetting project in the Bajo Aguán: Due to the reported human rights situation, EDF Trading, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Electricité de France SA and one of the biggest CDM investors, pulled out of a contract to buy carbon credits of around 2.8 million dollar from the project.

      See “Forced evictions in Bajo Aguán” and “The transfer of lands to the MUCA communities” and “The transference of CREM lands to the MCA communities”
      NZ Govt take note, but then as the GWPF reports:-

      An official with the European Commission’s directorate-general for Energy told EurActiv that including human rights in the criteria for assessing CDM projects would be “very difficult”.

      “You can say that ‘human rights’ means the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights and check every project for compliance, but I think that takes us very far and the practicalities of it would be very difficult,” he said.

    • Peter Muncaster on 05/10/2011 at 6:55 am said:

      Sadly most well meaning Kiwis are blissfully unaware of this comedy of errors. The NZ carbon Exchange have said that there is a potential market of 140,000,000 tonne at say $20/tonne = $280,000,000,000 per year buying & selling. The big forestry companies are said to be buying beef and sheep farms. The consequence of that means that NZ will no longer be 100% pureNZ but rather 100%pineNZ. owned by whoever owns the pine trees!

      Peter M

    • Richard C (NZ) on 05/10/2011 at 4:51 pm said:

      Too many zeros Peter. 140,000,000 tonne at say $20/tonne = $2,800,000,000 per year buying & selling.

      Actual 2010 market is up-thread here:-

      Forest Carbon Markets

      0.0 MtCO2e transacted in the NZ ETS 2010.

      Total global voluntary 2010: 27.6 MtCO2e

      Total global regulated 2010: 2.6 MtCO2e

      Total Global Primary Market 2010: 29.0 MtCO2e

      Total Global Secondary Market 2010: 1.2 MtCO2e

      Aways to go to reach 140 Mt.per year.

    • Gary on 07/10/2011 at 7:44 pm said:

      Where is the rent a demo mob from greenpeace and the green party?? They are very quiet on something that they should be making some noise on!! It can be assumed this is the world they want.

  10. Andy on 05/10/2011 at 1:54 pm said:

    Of interest to Wellingtonians: seminar tomorrow (Wed 6th Oct, Dr David Wratt)

    Seminar 6th October 2011 12-1pm
    Speaker: Professor David Wratt – Assessing Scientific Knowledge about Climate Change
    Venue: Kelburn Campus, Cotton 304

    Work has now begun on the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment, due for completion in 2014. This presentation will summarise significant findings from the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment completed in 2006 followed by a discussion of some areas of active scientific interest and research since 2006, including polar ice sheets and sea level rise, ocean acidification and its impacts, geoengineering, and ways of accounting for non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gases (“metrics”). Key results from the IPCC’s 2010 Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation will be described.

  11. Gary on 05/10/2011 at 7:31 pm said:

    Here is what some countries think of the EU and its Aviation ETS. THESE COUNTRIES HAVE SPINES…Ours does not, we just do what the Euro bureaucrats tell us to do.
    I just hope the farmers of NZ do not stop at Parliment steps next time with their tractors…just keep going.

    European Union plans to charge airlines for carbon emissions are “discriminatory” and violate global laws, a group of 26 countries including the United States and China said in a joint declaration released by the Indian government on Friday.

    India, which hosted a two-day meeting in New Delhi this week, said delegates from the non-EU countries, which are also members of the U.N.’s International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) executive council, agreed to lodge a formal protest against the EU’s new rules at the council’s next meeting.

    “There was wide concern expressed by all countries present, without exception, that the unilaterally imposed EU (emissions trading scheme) measures were inconsistent with the international legal regimes,” the statement said.

    “The legal infirmities in the EU laws were pointed out. It was stated by the various delegates that they were also discriminatory (to) carriers.”

    The EU says it needs to put a price on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to guard against future climate impacts such as crop failures, droughts or flooding.

    It has launched an emissions trading scheme (ETS) to help it cut carbon dioxide emissions, which it has pledged to reduce by 20 percent below 1990 levels by 2020.

    From January 2012, airlines flying into or out of EU airports will have to surrender permits to cover all the CO2 they emit during the entire flight. They join some 11,000 factories and power plants already in the $100 billion market.

    ICAO said the issue of aviation in the EU ETS is on the agenda for the 190-nation body’s next meeting in November, where the group of 26 countries said they will submit a working paper along with their joint declaration in opposition of the scheme.

    Critics including the 26 opposing governments have called the “unilateral” scheme illegal, saying it violates the Chicago Convention on international aviation as well as some provisions under the World Trade Organisation (WTO).

    Three U.S. airlines are currently challenging the EU plans in Europe’s highest court, which is due to give its first opinion on the case on Oct. 6.


    Although opposition to the EU’s aviation rules is getting more vociferous, the bloc’s executive shows no signs of yielding.

    “The EU is not considering backing down,” an EU spokesman told Reuters, adding that the bloc’s executive encourages other countries to instead adopt similar emissions reduction goals.

    The EU maintains that it could exempt airlines from countries that have adopted climate policies deemed equivalent to Europe’s targets.

    But some nations have scoffed at the offer and retaliated instead through other means, saying aviation should be regulated on a global level through measures approved by all ICAO members.

    China blocked a $3.8 billion aircraft purchase by Hong Kong Airlines from France-based Airbus at the Paris air show in June, sources said, adding to fears of a brewing trade war.

    Source: Reuters

    • Richard C (NZ) on 05/10/2011 at 9:23 pm said:

      This is developing into a huge confrontation on a number of fronts and trade is one of them. I’m sure that the National govt has kept the NZ ETS to ensure favourable trade access to Europe and EU ETS exemption for Air New Zealand but no other real reason than some votes.

      You might be interested Gary, that there’s “Economics” under the “Open Threads” button at the top of the blog and a thread header there: “ADAPTION and MITIGATION LAW: INTERNATIONAL IMPOSITIONS and CONSEQUENCES”. The EU ETS aviation deal also has a header with a number of articles linked under that here:-

      You can also access a list of topics including “Economics” via this INDEX:-

    • PeterM on 05/10/2011 at 10:21 pm said:

      Hi Richard
      The 140Mt comes as follows from carbon weekly
      Business grows for busy market pioneer
      Friday 24 Jun 11 10:00am
      A carbon market pioneer is doubling the size of its carbon desk after three years of operation.

      The OMFinancial desk, started as a sideline in 2008, traded several million tonnes of carbon last year.

      The company is merging carbon operations with energy and has appointed former head of futures, Nigel Brunel, to head the new carbon and energy desk.

      He says that carbon is bringing in other business, as clients look to hedge other risks, including energy.

      “We’ve been working with foresters and emitters on carbon, and it’s natural to talk to them about other aspects of their business,” he said.

      The company has appointed another trader, Daniel Crawford, to the desk and beefed up support functions.

      Brunel, who spent most of 2008 educating potential clients about the coming carbon market and in March 2009 brokered the first sale of NZUs under the Emissions Trading Scheme, says he expects the market to grow significantly yet.

      “Assuming that the Government decides to continue with the scheme, and agriculture enteres in 2015 as planned, there is a potential market of 140 million tonnes a year,” he said.

      “And if Australia, Korea and Japan go ahead with their ETS schemes, there’s the potential for an Asia/Pacific price on carbon, which opens the market up to a lot of potential.”

    • Andy on 06/10/2011 at 6:22 am said:

      Just over a decade ago we had the dotcom bubble (which I was part of as an employee).
      People were busily writing books such as “New Rules for the New Economy”, and I was told that we had to pay customers to come to our website rather than the other way around, as it was the “new way”.

      I, of course, was sceptical, and rightly so, as we saw the whole thing collapse in 2001.

      Now, a decade later, we are told that we can trade thin air, it will make us all (well some of us) rich, and it is the “new way”.

      And my reaction is what, do you imagine?

    • Mike Jowsey on 06/10/2011 at 6:36 am said:

      The differences to the Dotcom bubble (which easily spring to mind) are:
      CAGW has been building for 30 years or more;
      CAGW is being driven by government, with legislation and bulk research funding;
      CAGW is not just for geeks.

      So, I don’t see it as a bubble which will burst, so much as an over-inflated truck tyre inner tube which has several hundred needle holes in it, yet it is kept inflated by governments, the UN, researchers and financiers like OMFinancial.

      We just gotta keep poking holes in it whenever we get the chance. I believe this scam will outlive me. When Climategate broke, I remember a friend saying to me at a neighbour’s BBQ, “The wheels have fallen off now – it’s all over isn’t it?” My response was, “I wish it was that simple”. The apathy of the general public will ensure its survival for decades, imho.

    • Andy on 06/10/2011 at 6:41 am said:

      Replying to Mike –
      The question is, do you think the EU will outlive you?
      I would say the Euro is on its last legs (mind you, the same people that have been saying that about the Euro have been saying the same about AGW)

      If the Euro collapses, as many financial commenters have predicted, then the EU will, eventually follow.

      The AGW gravy train is predominantly EU driven.

    • Mike Jowsey on 06/10/2011 at 6:57 am said:

      Replying to Andy –

      PeterM quoted the following:

      there is a potential market of 140 million tonnes a year,” he said.
      “And if Australia, Korea and Japan go ahead with their ETS schemes, there’s the potential for an Asia/Pacific price on carbon, which opens the market up to a lot of potential.”

      There are plenty of interested big-money rent seekers around the world greedily contemplating the opportunities. Not just the EU.

      But, hey – I love your optimism – here’s hoping it will all coming crashing down within a couple of years and the politicians will all in one united voice say, “Sorry we pushed an agenda to feather our own nests and force our constituents to pay more for less and become an uncompetitive banana republic. Real sorry about that. We were misinformed by the scientific community which we funded with your tax dollars to go find the AGW monster under every rock and in every corner of the sky. Real sorry about that. We should all resign….”

    • Andy on 06/10/2011 at 7:20 am said:

      Reply to Mike –
      I haven’t been called optimistic for a while!

      I am not really anticipating a bunch of politicians apologising or whatever. What I am anticipating is a population that has no food or power, that takes to the streets and ritually slaughters anyone involved in government.

      Look at Greece. They need armed guards around parliament to protect the politicians from the people.

      This is what we need in NZ. Not a bunch of Listener readers who think that handing bucketloads of dosh to the Chinese to manufacture chemicals is good for our “clean green image”

    • Mike Jowsey on 06/10/2011 at 7:27 am said:

      Andy, we are in agreement about what might happen (not the pollies saying sorry – that was pure satire). It’s just I don’t see it happening any time soon. Let’s hope your view of an imminent crash of the flying AGW monster (not the flying spaghetti monster) is realised asap. We live in interesting times.

    • Andy on 06/10/2011 at 8:13 am said:

      We can possibly differentiate between AGW and carbon trading. They are not the same thing: one justifies the other.

      Whether the AGW theory is correct or not, we have created a policy response that is based on trading a “commodity” that is thin air.

      We have seen Al Gore’s CCX carbon exchange shut its doors. We have seen wild fluctuations in carbon prices globally.
      We have seen emitters in NZ buying offshore credits rather than invest in NZ forests.
      We have seen numerous scams and fraud.

      My understanding of the ETS is that we would eventually move to a market-driven price for CO2, rather than the fixed price of $25. In my communications with the government on this, I got no clarification on which price index this would be based on. I got the impression they didn’t know.

      This has all the feel of an economic train wreck to me. The climate will continue to do its thing, with or without our help, but markets built on untraceable, un-auditable (mostly) and invisible substances don’t sound too smart to me.

  12. C E Kay on 06/10/2011 at 12:21 pm said:

    There is now no prospect that Japan, South Korea or USA will introduce national ETS regimes. Yesterday, I heard an insider (warmist) claim that there was no way Australia’s carbon tax would convert to an ETS in 2016.

    Back in 2004, the shiny new EU ETS was applauded as the pathfinder for schemes that would spring up all over the globe. What happened was that NZ was the sole new ETS during the succeeding seven years.

    Administratively, the EU scheme has been plagued by endless frauds and scandals, while carbon pricing has been hopelessly volatile. And the scheme makes no claim to have actually assisted the environment in any measurable way.

    Politically, the US Cap ‘n Trade scheme proved so unsaleable that it has disappeared from the radar. The world has watched the Gillard government’s ratings drop to unprecedented lows as she campaigns for a carbon tax. Rudd and Turnbull are evidence that ETS can be a political third rail.

    The Kyoto commitments are expiring. The EU has decided not to adopt a more ambitious target. There are very low expectations for the Durban COP17.

    Carbon trading is an idea whose time has passed.

  13. Richard C (NZ) on 08/10/2011 at 12:07 pm said:

    Where carbon trading fits in to The Climate Change Scare Machine

    See – Financial houses
    Map: The Climate Change Scare Machine — the perpetual self-feeding cycle of alarm

    Climate Change Scare Machine Cycle: see how your tax dollars are converted into alarming messages

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